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date: 27 November 2020

Abstract and Keywords

During the ‘Arab Green Revolution’, Moslems introduced new irrigation techniques and new plants like sugar cane, rice, cotton, spinach, bananas, pomegranates, and citrus trees to southern Portugal. But we know little about the livestock sector in both the Moslem period and following the subsequent Christian conquest. This study of osteometric variation of sheep from archaeological sites in southern Portugal (the part that was once under Moslem rule) reveals an increase in the size of this animal in Moslem times. It is assumed that a size increase reflects improvement, which can be understood given the popularity of mutton in the Moslem world.

Keywords: sheep, osteometry, agriculture, Portugal, Spain, Iberia, Islam

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