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date: 29 February 2020

(p. xv) Abbreviations

(p. xv) Abbreviations

AFISMA

African-led International Support Mission to Mali

AMIB

African Union Mission in Burundi

AMIS

African Union Mission in Sudan

AMISOM

African Union Mission in Somalia

APSA

African Peace and Security Architecture

AQIM

Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb

ASF

African Standby Force

AU

African Union

AUPSC

African Union Peace and Security Council

BRICS

Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa

CAR

Central African Republic

CEMAC

Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa

CFSP

Common Foreign and Security Policy [EU]

CNDP

National Congress for the Defence of the People

CPA

Comprehensive Peace Agreement

CSDP

Common Security and Defence Policy [EU]

DDR

disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration

DDRRR

disarmament, demobilization, repatriation, resettlement, and reintegration

DFID

Department for International Development [UK]

DFS

Department of Field Support [UN]

DOMREP

Mission of the Representative of the Secretary-General in the Dominican Republic

DPA

Darfur Peace Agreement

DPA

Department of Political Affairs [UN]

DPKO

Department of Peacekeeping Operations [UN]

DRC

Democratic Republic of Congo

ECCAS

Economic Community of Central African States

ECOWAS Mission in Guinea-Bissau

ECOMOG

ECOWAS Monitoring Group

ECOWAS

Economic Community of West African States

EU

European Union

EUPOL

European Union Police Mission

EUSEC

European Union Security Sector Reform Mission

EUTM

European Union Training Mission

FDLR

Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda

FN

Forces Nouvelles

FPI

Front Populaire Ivoirien

FRCI

Forces Républicaines de Côte d’Ivoire

FYROM

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

HRE

High Representative for Elections

IBSA

India, Brazil, and South Africa

ICC

International Criminal Court

ICJ

International Court of Justice

IDP

internally displaced person

IEC

Independent Electoral Commission

IGAD

Intergovernmental Authority on Development

IGO

intergovernmental organization

IPTF

International Police Task Force

ISSSS

International Security and Stabilization Support Strategy

IWG

International Working Group

KDF

Kenyan Defence Forces

LRA

Lord’s Resistance Army

M23

March 23 movement [Democratic Republic of Congo]

MICEMA

ECOWAS Mission in Mali

MINUGUA

United Nations Verification Mission in Guatemala

MINURCA

United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic

MINURCAT

United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad

MINURSO

United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara

MINUSMA

United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali

MINUSTAH

United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti

MIPONUH

United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti

Angolan Military Mission in Guinea-Bissau

MLC

Movement for the Liberation of the Congo

MNLA

Mouvement National de Libération de l’Azawad [Mali]

MONUA

United Nations Observer Mission in Angola

MONUC

United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo

MONUSCO

United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC

MUJWA

Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa

NARC

North African Regional Community

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NCP

National Congress Party

NGO

non-governmental organization

OAU

Organization of African Unity

ONUB

United Nations Mission in Burundi

ONUC

United Nations Operation in the Congo

ONUCA

United Nations Observer Group in Central America

ONUMOZ

United Nations Operation in Mozambique

ONUSAL

United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador

OPA

Ouagadougou Political Agreement

OSCE

Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

PoC

protection of civilians

PRC

People’s Republic of China

PSC

Peace and Security Council [AU]

PSO

peace support operation

REC

Regional Economic Community

RPF

Rwandan Patriotic Front

RtoP

Responsibility to Protect

SADC

Southern African Development Community

SADCC

Southern African Development Coordination Conference

SRSG

Special Representative of the Secretary-General [UN]

SSR

security sector reform

STAREC

Stabilization and Reconstruction Plan for War-Affected Areas

TCC

troop-contributing country

TFG

Transitional Federal Government [Somalia]

TNG

Transitional National Government

Union of the Islamic Courts

UK

United Kingdom

UN

United Nations

UNAMIC

United Nations Advance Mission in Cambodia

UNAMID

African Union/United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur

UNAMIR

United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda

UNAMSIL

United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone

UNASOG

United Nations Aouzou Strip Observer Group

UNAVEM

United Nations Angola Verification Mission

UNDOF

United Nations Disengagement Observer Force

UNEF

United Nations Emergency Force

UNFICYP

United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus

UNGOMAP

United Nations Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan and Pakistan

UNIFIL

United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon

UNIIMOG

United Nations Iran-Iraq Military Observer Group

UNIKOM

United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission

UNIOGBIS

United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau

UNIPOM

United Nations India-Pakistan Observation Mission

UNISFA

United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei

UNITAF

Unified Task Force [Somalia]

UNLOPS

UN Liaison Office for Peace and Security

UNMEE

United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea

UNMIBH

United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina

UNMIH

United Nations Mission in Haiti

UNMIK

United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo

UNMIL

United Nations Mission in Liberia

UNMIS

United Nations Mission in Sudan

UNMISET

United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor

UNMISS

United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan

UNMIT

United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste

UNMOGIP

United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan

UNMOP

United Nations Mission of Observers in Prevlaka

UNMOT

United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan

UNOAU

UN Office to the African Union

United Nations Regional Office for Central Africa

UNOCI

United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire

UNOGIL

United Nations Observation Group in Lebanon

UNOM

United Nations Office in Mali

UNOMIG

United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia

UNOMIL

United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia

UNOMSIL

United Nations Observer Mission in Sierra Leone

UNOMUR

United Nations Observer Mission Uganda-Rwanda

UNOSOM

United Nations Operation in Somalia

UNOWA

United Nations Office for West Africa

UNPA

United Nations Protected Areas

UNPOS

United Nations Political Office for Somalia

UNPREDEP

United Nations Preventive Deployment Force [Macedonia]

UNPROFOR

United Nations Protection Force [Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina]

UNPSG

United Nations Civilian Police Support Group in Croatia

UNSC

United Nations Security Council

UNSF

United Nations Security Force in West New Guinea

UNSMIH

United Nations Support Mission in Haiti

UNSMIS

United Nations Supervision Mission in Syria

UNSOA

United Nations Support Office for AMISOM

UNSOM

United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia

UNTAC

United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia

UNTAES

United Nations Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja, and Western Sirmium

UNTAET

United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor

UNTAG

United Nations Transition Assistance Group

UNTMIH

United Nations Transition Mission in Haiti

UNTSO

United Nations Truce Supervision Organization

UNYOM

United Nations Yemen Observation Mission

US

United States

USAID

United States Agency for International Development

(p. xx)