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date: 08 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the second and third United Nations Angola Verification Missions (UNAVEM II and III), two peacekeeping missions created by the UN Security Council in May 1991 and February 1995, respectively. UNAVEM II was tasked to verify the implementation of the Peace Accords (also known as the Bicesse Accords) between the Government of Angola led by the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and the major opposition movement, the Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). UNAVEM III was formed to supervise the Lusaka Protocol signed in November 1994. After providing an overview of the civil war in Angola, the article outlines each mission’s mandate and operations, as well as their operational successes and failures.

Keywords: United Nations Angola Verification Mission II, UNAVEM II, United Nations Angola Verification Mission III, UNAVEM III, peacekeeping missions, UN Security Council, Angola, civil war, Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola, Union for the Total Indepen

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