- The Oxford Handbook of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations
- About the Editors
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: The United Nations and Peacekeeping
- Trends in Peace Operations, 1947–2013
- Peacekeeping and International Law
- The United Nations’ Inter-organizational Relations in Peacekeeping
- Peace Operations and Humanitarian Interventions
- Evaluating Peace Operations
- Introduction: Peacekeeping in the Twenty-First Century: 1999–2013
- United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK)
- United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL)
- United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET)
- United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC)
- United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE)
- United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor (UNMISET)
- United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL)
- United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI)
- United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)
- United Nations Operation in Burundi (ONUB)
- United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS)
- United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT)
- Expanded United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL II)
- African Union–United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID)
- United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad I and II (MINURCAT I and II)
- United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO)
- United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA)
- United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS)
- United Nations Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS)
- United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA)
Abstract and Keywords
This section examines the United Nations’ peacekeeping efforts during 1999–2013. It first discusses the impact of two major events on UN peacekeeping after 1999: the “war on terror” led by the United States in 2001 and the subsequent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, and the financial crisis of 2008. It then considers three initiatives to reform the UN: the Brahimi Report of 2000, the development in 2008 of a new set of principles and guidelines for UN peacekeeping operations, and the New Horizon process aimed at improving UN peacekeeping. Finally, it analyses several trends and issues relevant to UN peacekeeping during the period 1999–2013, including the strong focus of peacekeeping missions on Africa, the emergence of broad and complex mandates that were supposed to be coordinated across the wider UN system of actors, and the UN’s increasing reliance on partnerships to help in its peacekeeping missions.
Joachim A. Koops is Research Professor and Senior Associate Researcher for European Foreign and Security Policy. He is also the Dean of Vesalius College, Vrije Universiteit Brussel as well as Course Director of the Executive Course in Global Risk Analysis and Crisis Management and the European Peace and Security Studies (EPSS) Programme.
Norrie MacQueen is Honorary Research Fellow and Visiting Lecturer at the University of St. Andrews, and Associate Lecturer at the University of Dundee.
Thierry Tardy, European Union Institute for Security Studies
Paul D. Williams is Associate Professor of International Affairs and Director of the Security Policy Studies Program at the George Washington University.
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