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date: 23 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This section examines the United Nations’ peacekeeping efforts during 1999–2013. It first discusses the impact of two major events on UN peacekeeping after 1999: the “war on terror” led by the United States in 2001 and the subsequent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, and the financial crisis of 2008. It then considers three initiatives to reform the UN: the Brahimi Report of 2000, the development in 2008 of a new set of principles and guidelines for UN peacekeeping operations, and the New Horizon process aimed at improving UN peacekeeping. Finally, it analyses several trends and issues relevant to UN peacekeeping during the period 1999–2013, including the strong focus of peacekeeping missions on Africa, the emergence of broad and complex mandates that were supposed to be coordinated across the wider UN system of actors, and the UN’s increasing reliance on partnerships to help in its peacekeeping missions.

Keywords: United Nations, peacekeeping, war on terror, financial crisis, reform, Brahimi Report, New Horizon, Africa, partnerships

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