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date: 24 May 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter provides an overview of the main developments, achievements and failures of UN Peacekeeping during the Cold War years from 1964 to 1987. More specifically, it considers how “détente peacekeeping” was influenced and constrained by superpower tensions during the Cold War and how it developed into a more institutionalized tool for addressing regional “escalation management” in some of the most difficult conflicts of the twentieth century. The chapter first provides an overview of the East–West confrontation, particularly the deteriorating relations between the United States and the Soviet Union, and its impact on the UN’s peacekeeping responses. It then turns to a discussion of the political and financial crises faced by the UN and how they affected its efforts to maintain international peace and security before concluding with an analysis of how détente from about 1969 to 1978 made the United States and the Soviet Union realize the value of the UN in preventing the wider internationalization of regional conflicts, especially in the Middle East and between India and Pakistan.

Keywords: United Nations, peacekeeping, Cold War, crisis management, détente peacekeeping, United States, Soviet Union, regional conflicts, Israel, Arabs, Kashmir, India, Pakistan, Cyprus

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