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date: 25 June 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This section examines the peacekeeping experiences of the United Nations in the years 1948–63, with particular reference to seven operations undertaken in the Middle East, South Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, and the Pacific during that period. It first looks at the emergence of peacekeeping as a significant, albeit limited, part of the central UN responsibility to ‘maintain international peace and security’ before turning to the first ad hoc deployments of uniformed personnel to meet immediate demands in terms of managing international conflict based on three defining characteristics: neutrality, consent, and the use of force only in self-defense. It then considers the critical challenges to UN peacekeeping before discussing its widening scope, especially in its extension from a purely observational and interpositionary technique to the provision of ‘national’ security in the context of the UN’s temporary administration of disputed territories.

Keywords: Peacekeeping, United Nations, Middle East, South Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, Pacific, international peace, international conflict, use of force, national security

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