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date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the first United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM I), a peacekeeping mission created by the UN Security Council to monitor the withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angolan territory between January 1989 and May 1991. The withdrawal was negotiated in the context of South Africa’s agreement to the independence of neighbouring Namibia. After providing an overview of the background civil war in Angola which had first brought Cuban forces to the country, the article outlines UNAVEM I’s mandate and operations. It then explores the mission’s success in terms of international cooperation, with emphasis on the tripartite agreement reached between Angola, Cuba, and South Africa. It also considers UNAVEM I’s operational successes and failures.

Keywords: United Nations, United Nations Angola Verification Mission, UNAVEM I, peacekeeping mission, UN Security Council, civil war, Angola, international cooperation, Cuba, South Africa

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