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date: 26 June 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores the United Nations Operation in Burundi (ONUB), a peacekeeping mission established by the UN Security Council in May 2004 to monitor and support the implementation of the Arusha Agreement between the warring Hutu and Tutsi tribes. After providing an overview of the civil war and ethnic violence in Burundi, the chapter outlines ONUB’s mandate in relation to the monitoring of ceasefire agreements and the process of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration of ex-combatants, as well as assistance with the organization of free, transparent, and peaceful elections. The achievements and limitations of ONUB’s mission are also discussed.

Keywords: ONUB, peacekeeping mission, UN Security Council, Arusha Agreement, Hutu, Tutsi, civil war, ethnic violence, Burundi, ceasefire

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