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date: 01 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE), a peacekeeping mission established by the UN Security Council in June 2000 to monitor the cessation of hostilities between Ethiopia and Eritrea, the redeployment of forces, and the Temporary Security Zone. After providing an overview of the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea, particularly the issue over delimitation and demarcation, the article outlines UNMEE’s mandate and operational activities, along with the mission’s downsizing and termination. It argues that although the peace process between Ethiopia and Eritrea seemingly had all the ingredients for success, it ended in failure and the Security Council was not prepared to respond vigorously to non-compliance. The UNMEE case thus raises big questions about the nature of consent in UN peacekeeping. Perhaps the most important lesson of the UNMEE experience is that a peacekeeping operation can only be effective while there is progress in the peace process it has been deployed to support.

Keywords: peacekeeping, UN Security Council, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Temporary Security Zone, delimitation, demarcation

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