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date: 29 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL), a peacekeeping mission created by the UN Security Council in October 1999 to implement the Lomé Peace Agreement signed in July 1999 by the warring Government and rebel forces in Sierra Leone. After providing an overview of the civil war in Sierra Leone, the chapter outlines UNAMSIL’s mandate and challenges to its implementation. It also discusses five key factors that shaped the UNAMSIL experience in Sierra Leone: the terms of the Lomé Peace Agreement, political change in Nigeria, the kidnapping of 500 UNAMSIL troops in the wake of the ECOWAS Ceasefire Monitoring Group (ECOMOG) withdrawal, the internal conflict that divided UNAMSIL’s senior leadership, and the UN’s response in an attempt to salvage its reputation and to turn the situation around. Finally, the chapter evaluates UNAMSIL’s operational achievements and limitations, particularly in the delivery of humanitarian assistance and in assisting the Government of Sierra Leone in the implementation of the disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration program.

Keywords: UN Security Council, Lomé Peace Agreement, Sierra Leone, civil war, Nigeria, ECOMOG, RUF

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