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date: 28 June 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the UN Preventive Deployment Mission in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (UNPREDEP), a peacekeeping mission deployed by the UN Security Council in March 1995 to replace the UN Protection Force (UNPROFOR), originally set up in December 1992 to prevent the Yugoslav wars from spilling over into Macedonia. After providing an overview of the war in Croatia and Bosnia, the article outlines UNPREDEP’s mandate and evaluates its operational achievements and limitations. UNPROFOR/UNPREDEP in Macedonia is unique in the history of UN Peacekeeping as it was the UN’s first (and so far unique) military preventive deployment operation. With this relatively effective operation, the UN demonstrated that it was able to conduct operations in an efficient and successful manner at a time when other missions in the Balkans or in Africa were undermining the UN’s credibility.

Keywords: peacekeeping mission, UN Security Council, UN Protection Force, UNPROFOR, Macedonia, war, Croatia, Bosnia, conflict prevention

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