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date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on the United Nations Observer Mission Uganda-Rwanda (UNOMUR) and the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR I), two peacekeeping missions that were created by the UN Security Council in 1993 in an attempt to help facilitate an end to the country’s civil war. However, renewed fighting and the outbreak of genocide against the Tutis and moderate Hutus created a new context in which the peacekeepers faced huge and unforeseen challenges. The chapter begins by providing an overview of the civil war and genocide in Rwanda, then goes on to outline each mission’s mandate as well as their operational achievements and failures, concluding with the lessons that can be learned from their experience.

Keywords: peacekeeping, UN Security Council, genocide, Rwanda, civil war, Tutsi, Hutu power

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