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date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on the second United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR II), a peacekeeping mission created by the UN Security Council in May 1994 in an attempt to stop the massacres of civilians and to provide humanitarian aid to genocide victims in Rwanda. UNAMIR II helped to establish law and order, transport prisoners and refugees, and facilitate the distribution of humanitarian aid. From November 1994, the mission also provided security for staff of the newly created International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR). After providing an overview of the civil war and genocide of the Tutsi in Rwanda, the chapter outlines UNAMIR II’s mandate and evaluates its operational achievements and failures, along with the lessons that can be learned from its experience.

Keywords: peacekeeping, UN Security Council, humanitarian aid, Rwanda, civil war, genocide, Tutsi

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