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date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador (ONUSAL), a peacekeeping mission deployed by the UN Security Council in May 1991 in the midst of fighting during the Salvadoran civil war. After providing an overview of the conflict in El Salvador pitting the government against the Farabundo Martí Front for National Liberation (FMLN), the article outlines ONUSAL’s mandate and evaluates its operational achievements and limitations in the areas of human rights, civilian policing, reform of El Salvador’s armed forces and reintegration of the FMLN, land transfer, and elections. Some of the lessons that can be learned from ONUSAL’s experience are also discussed.

Keywords: peacekeeping mission, UN Security Council, civil war, El Salvador, Farabundo Martí Front for National Liberation, human rights, civilian policing, elections

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