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date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission (UNIKOM), a peacekeeping mission established by the UN Security Council in April 1991 to monitor the demilitarised zone between Iraq and Kuwait. After providing an overview of the conflict between Iraq and Kuwait as well as Operation Desert Fox launched by Great Britain and the United States against Iraq during the Gulf War, the article outlines UNIKOM’s mandate and implementation, along with the mission’s achievements and limitations. The chapter highlights the difficulties of an observer mission in a highly politicized context as well the limitations of a UN operation when faced with divergent interests of powerful Security Council member states.

Keywords: peacekeeping mission, UN Security Council, demilitarised zone, Iraq, Kuwait, Gulf War, United Nations, Operation Desert Fox

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