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date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the United Nations Iran–Iraq Military Observer Group (UNIIMOG), a peacekeeping mission deployed by the UN Security Council from August 1988 to February 1991 to verify and monitor the ceasefire between Iran and Iraq and the mutual withdrawal of their respective troops. After providing an overview of the Iran–Iraq War that lasted from 1980 to 1988, the article outlines UNIIMOG’s mandate and evaluates its operational achievements and limitations, as well as the challenges that it had to deal with and the lessons that can be learned from its experience. While the operation succeeded in maintaining the ceasefire and preventing major escalations of violence, UNIIMOG was nevertheless hampered by resource gaps and political obstruction by the host states.

Keywords: UNIIMOG, peacekeeping mission, UN Security Council, ceasefire, Iran, Iraq, Iran–Iraq War, United Nations

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