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date: 23 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the second United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF II), a peacekeeping mission formed by the UN Security Council after the 1973 Middle East war to supervise a ceasefire between Egypt and Israel. It was the first peacekeeping mission in the region since the withdrawal of UNEF I on the eve of the Six Day War in 1967. After providing an overview of the Egyptian-Israeli conflict, the article outlines UNEF II’s mandate and operational activities as well as the mission’s achievements and limitations. In particular, it considers how UNEF II fared in terms of violence abatement, conflict containment, and conflict settlement compared to its predecessor, UNEF I. Finally, the chapter explores the circumstances of the withdrawal of the mission in 1979 following the Camp David Israeli-Egyptian peace accords.

Keywords: United Nations Emergency Force, UNEF II, peacekeeping mission, UN Security Council, ceasefire, Egypt, Israel, violence abatement, conflict containment, United Nations

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