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date: 29 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the United Nations India-Pakistan Observation Mission (UNIPOM), a peacekeeping mission set up by the UN Security Council in September 1965 to oversee the ceasefire and withdrawal of all armed personnel along the India–Pakistan border outside of Jammu and Kashmir. After providing an overview of the India–Pakistan conflict, the article outlines UNIPOM’s mandate and evaluates its operational achievements. In particular, it considers the contributing factors that helped UNIPOM succeed in its mission, including the role played by the Soviet Union with the support of the United States and other major western powers.

Keywords: United Nations India-Pakistan Observation Mission, UNIPOM, peacekeeping mission, UN Security Council, ceasefire, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, United States, United Nations

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