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date: 28 October 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the United Nations Operation in the Congo (ONUC), a peacekeeping mission established by the UN Security Council in July 1960 that lasted until June 1964. The ONUC was created to address the conflict between Belgium and its former territory of Congo, which gained independence on 30 June 1960. After providing an overview of the confrontation between Belgian troops and Congolese forces as well as the mutiny by the latter, the article outlines ONUC’s mandate that included the withdrawal of Belgian troops and of “foreign military personnel” (mercenaries) from Congo (specifically from the secessionist Katanga province), as well as support for law and order, technical military assistance, and the prevention of civil war.

Keywords: ONUC, peacekeeping mission, UN Security Council, Belgium, Congo, Katanga, mercenaries, technical military assistance, United Nations

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