Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines the relationship between the United Nations and regional organizations and its implications for the effectiveness, coherence, and impact of multidimensional peacekeeping. In particular, it considers the UN’s increased cooperation with organizations such as the European Union, the African Union, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and explores the successes as well as the limitations of these partnerships. The first part of the chapter provides a brief historical overview of the ambiguous relationship between ‘universalism’ and ‘regionalism’. The second part of the chapter explores the advances, successes and level of institutionalization between the UN and selected regional organizations. Part three of the chapter examines the key challenges and limitations in the relationship between the UN and regional organizations in the field of multidimensional peacekeeping. While cooperation schemes have advanced considerably through institutionalization and pragmatic coordination, structural rivalry, divergent strategic visions, as well as technical and administrative obstacles nevertheless serve as a reminder of the inherent difficulties of peacekeeping partnerships.
Keywords: United Nations, regional organizations, inter-organizational relations, peacekeeping partnerships, cooperation and rivalry, European Union, African Union, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, regional arrangements, universalism, regionalism
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