- The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Political Theory
- List of Illustrations
- List of Contributors
- Introducing Environmental Political Theory
- Environmental Political Theory and the History of Western Political Theory
- Culture and Difference: Non-Western Approaches to Defining Environmental Issues
- Environmental Political Theory and the Liberal Tradition
- Environmental Political Theory and Republicanism
- Human Nature, Non-human Nature, and Needs: Environmental Political Theory and Critical Theory
- Environmental Political Theory, Environmental Ethics, and Political Science: Bridging the Gap
- Environmental Political Theory’s Contribution to Sustainability Studies
- Environmental Political Theory and Environmental Action Research Teams
- “Nature” and the (Built) Environment
- Theorizing the Non-human through Spatial and Environmental Thought
- Challenging the Human X Environment Framework
- Environmental Management in the Anthropocene
- Floral Sensations: Plant Biopolitics
- Cosmopolitanism and the Environment
- Sustainability— Post-sustainability— Unsustainability
- Population, Environmental Discourse, and Sustainability
- Are There Limits to Limits?
- Green Political Economy: Beyond Orthodox Undifferentiated Economic Growth as a Permanent Feature of the Economy
- Environmental and Climate Justice
- Environmental Human Rights
- Responsibility for Climate Change as a Structural Injustice
- Environmental Justice and the Anthropocene Meme
- The Limits of Freedom and the Freedom of Limits
- Bodies, Environments, and Agency
- Cultivating Human and Non-human Capabilities for Mutual Flourishing
- Consumption and Well-being
- Capital, Environmental Degradation, and Economic Externalization
- Environmental Governmentality
- Political Economy of the Greening of the State
- Environmental Science and Politics
- Democracy as Constraint and Possibility for Environmental Action
- Environmental Authoritarianism and China
- Global Environmental Governance
- Global Environmental Justice and the Environmentalism of the Poor
- Indigenous Environmental Movements and the Function of Governance Institutions
- Reimagining Radical Environmentalism
- Framing and Nudging for a Greener Future
- Citizenship: Radical, Feminist, and Green
- Ecological Democracy and the Co-participation of Things
Abstract and Keywords
Since the 1970s, three major philosophic perspectives have shaped radical environmental thought: spiritual ecologies, which are best illustrated by deep ecology; humanist ecologies, such as social ecology and eco-Marxism; and luddite ecologies, such as primitivism. On the ground, activism has often embraced a fusion of these perspectives as most Western radical environmentalism brings together a secular sacred regard for all living things with a materialist critique of Western civilization, particularly developments in technology and consumerism. In this chapter we introduce and examine the three major threads of radical environmentalism and provide an analysis of their philosophic strengths and weaknesses. We then argue that activists tend to fuse different aspects of these environmental philosophies together, sometimes intentionally and sometimes unintentionally.
Emily Ray is Assistant Professor in the Political Science Department, Sonoma State University.
Sean Parson is Assistant Professor in the Department of Politics and International Affairs, Northern Arizona University.
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