Abstract and Keywords
Over the past decades, new types of co-operatives with declared social goals have emerged in several countries in and outside Europe. Their development is above all connected to the engagement of co-operatives in the supply of general-interest services, which are carried out beyond the ‘boundaries’ of the co-ops’ membership, undermining the traditional model of co-operatives based on a single stakeholding system and on identifying members and users, and being ready to have additional bearers of interests sharing the duties and benefits of the organization. Drawing on selected country studies, this chapter focuses on new types of co-operatives with declared social goals, often turning into important providers of welfare and general-interest services and facilitators of work integration, which contribute to local development significantly. Selected countries where co-operatives have institutionalized their concern for community so as to pursue explicit general interest aims include Italy, Spain, France, Portugal, Greece, and South Korea.
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