- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Oxford Handbook of Polysynthesis
- About the Contributors
- Polysynthesis and Complexity
- Argument Marking in the Polysynthetic Verb and Its Implications
- Polysynthesis and Head Marking
- Sub-Types of Polysynthesis
- The Subjectivity of the Notion of Polysynthesis
- What are the Limits of Polysynthesis?
- The Lexicon in Polysynthetic Languages
- The ‘Word’ in Polysynthetic Languages: Phonological and Syntactic Challenges
- The Anthropological Setting of Polysynthesis
- Phraseology and Polysynthesis
- Polysynthesis in the Arctic/Sub-Arctic
- Polysynthesis in North America
- The Northern Hokan Area
- Polysynthetic Structures of Lowland Amazonia
- Polysynthesis in Northern Australia
- Polysynthesis in New Guinea
- Patterns of Innovation and Retention in Templatic Polysynthesis
- Is Polysynthesis a Valid Theoretical Notion?: The diachrony of complex verbs in Ute
- Polysynthesis and Language Contact
- Language Obsolescence in Polysynthetic Languages
- Polysynthesis in the Acquisition of Inuit Languages
- The Acquisition of Murrinhpatha (Northern Australia)
- The Acquisition of Polysynthetic Verb Forms in Chintang
- Western Apache, a Southern Athabaskan Language
- Central Alaskan Yupik (Eskimo-Aleut): A sketch of morphologically orthodox polysynthesis
- Innu (Algonquian)
- Polysynthesis in Nuuchahnulth, a Wakashan Language
- The Polysynthetic Nature of Salish
- Nawatl (Uto-Aztecan)
- Purepecha, a Polysynthetic but Predominantly Dependent-Marking Language
- Tariana, an Arawak Language from North-West Amazonia
- Polysynthesis in Lakondê, a Northern Nambikwaran Language of Brazil
- Polysynthesis in Dalabon
- The Languages of the Daly River Region (Northern Australia)
- The Polysynthetic Profile of Yimas, a Language of New Guinea
- Polysynthesis in Ainu
- Polysynthesis in Ket
- Polysynthesis in Sora (Munda) with Special Reference to Noun Incorporation
- Adyghe (Northwest Caucasian)
- Series Information
Abstract and Keywords
Lakondê, together with Mamaindê and Latundê, belongs to the Northern Nambikwara branch of the Nambikwara linguistic family spoken in Northwestern Brazil. The language is head-marking, predominantly suffixal, and of great derivational productivity. It has an elaborate system of nominal classifiers; it is incorporating, with nuclear arguments integrated in the morphology of the verb. Lakondê has two ways of incorporating nouns: one is prefixal when the incorporated morphemes represent body parts; the other is suffixal, involving nominal classifiers. When the incorporation occurs in dynamic verbs, the integrated classifier morphemes assume the role of direct object. The verbal template provides for more than thirty morpheme positions, which, from the point of view of their function, can be categorized as argumental, adverbial, evidential, and TAM. Flexional suffixes may function as nuclear arguments and dispense with the lexical realization of the subject and the object. With these characteristics Lakondê may be classified as a typical polysynthetic language.
W. Leo Wetzels received his PhD from Nijmegen University in 1980. He served as a visiting scholar at Harvard University in 1982 and in 1984. From 2007–2009 he was a research director at the Laboratoire de Phonétique et Phonologie (LPP/CNRS, Sorbonne Nouvelle) in Paris. He is the chief editor of Probus and assistant editor for IJAL. In 2014, he obtained a doctorate honoris causa from PUCRS, Brazil. He presently holds the chair of Romance languages and languages of the Amazon at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Stella Telles received her BA and MA in Linguistics from the Federal University of Pernambuco (Brazil) and her PhD, also in Linguistics, from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam in 2002. She is currently an associate professor at the Federal University of Pernambuco, where she teaches in the graduate and postgraduate programs. Her research focuses on the description and analysis of the Nambikwaran languages and Umutina, of the Boróro linguistic family, all of which are native languages of Brazil.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.