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date: 12 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter poses a challenge to deep-rooted assumptions about the mutual exclusive nature of professions and organizations. It argues that while different traditions of research, from the sociology of professions and theories of professional organization, have frequently emphasized conflict, much of it also highlights the inter-dependency and co-evolution of occupations and organizations. In the second half of the chapter, the authors illustrate this perspective and explore how, in recent years, professionalism itself has become increasingly hybridized. This is due not only to the encroaching demands of organizations on professionals, but also to the way professionals themselves have sought to reorganize to ensure continued legitimacy and sustainability.

Keywords: professions, organizations, occupations, hybrids, sociology of professions, professionalism

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