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date: 23 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The technology of production shapes the employment relationship and important issues in its regulation. The new information technology has transformed the organization of production replacing large vertically organized firms governed by the internal labour market with horizontally organized firms governed by a global labour market. These changes require policymakers to broaden the definitions of ‘employee’, ‘employer’, and ‘appropriate bargaining unit’ in the regulation of employment and find ways to incorporate the new information technology into that regulation. As profound as these changes have been, the speedy evolution of information technology and the development of artificial intelligence promise even greater changes in the future. Future regulation will require not only a more expanded notion of the employment relationship, but also increased education and retraining programmes, benefit programmes tied to citizenship rather than employment, increased regulation, subsidy of retirement programmes, and perhaps even a basic income programme.

Keywords: information technology, artificial intelligence, employment, labour unions, labour law, employment law, regulation

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