Abstract and Keywords
This essay provides a historiographic introduction to the literature on Islamic finance. It situates the financial practice in terms of foundational principles; historical legal doctrines as reapplied in a contemporary financial context; and an institutional, regulatory framework developed over the course of the twentieth century. The rise of Islamic finance occurs at the intersection of excessive surplus wealth from the 1970 oil boom and an increasingly deregulated global financial sector in the 1980s; as such, this essay conceptually situates the Islamic financial order within the broader turn to free-market ideologies and policies globally.
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