Abstract and Keywords
In this chapter we offer an alternative take on how organizational analysis speaks to social movement scholarship. Taking a less formal view on organizations, we break down the concept of “organization” in several constitutive elements: membership, rules, hierarchy, monitoring, and sanctioning. Following Ahrne and Brunsson (2011) we argue that the amount of “organization” may vary and that both the presence and absence of organizational elements may be associated with issues, problems, tensions, and conflict within social movements. We argue that changing the composition of the set of organizational elements is one way to address these. As the context for movements continuously changes, the presence of organizational elements will also vary over time. Our approach thus provides an alternative answer to the question of whether “organization” is beneficial or detrimental to mobilization, as this depends on the contingent balance between various organizational elements.