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date: 03 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Study of social movement coalitions receives growing attention from movement scholars. This chapter reviews the literature on collaborative collective action. After providing a definition of social movement coalitions and exploring types of movement alliances, we organize our chapter around two research questions evident in the coalition literature. First, which circumstances foster (or impede) coalition work? Research suggests that shared beliefs and identities, prior social ties among activists, opportunities and threats in the broader context, and organizational resources all play a role in coalition formation. Second, what consequences result when movement groups pursue their goals in collaboration with one another? Although the literature is somewhat sparse in this area, we review studies exploring changes in activist organizations, movement mobilization, and political outcomes as well as the influence of coalition efforts on how long-lived coalitions themselves may be. We conclude our chapter by pointing to areas in need of additional research.

Keywords: coalitions, alliances, allies, collaboration, cooperation, collective identity, social ties, opportunities, threats, resources

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