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date: 17 June 2019

(p. xxi) About the Authors

(p. xxi) About the Authors

Vilmos Ágel is Chair of German Synchronic Linguistics at Kassel University. He received his doctorate (1988) and professorial degree (1997) from the ELTE Budapest. The bursaries he received include the following: 1987–8, from the German Academic Exchange Service; 1991–3 and 1998, Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung; and 2000–4, Szécheny research bursary for professors. In 2003, he won the Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel research prize of the Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung. Since 2004 he has been co-editor of the Zeitschrift für Germanistische Linguistik. His main research interests are valency theory, dependency grammar, the link between contemporary grammar and the history of language, the grammar of New High German (1650–2000), and the relationship between orality/literacy and grammatical structure.

Michael A. Arbib was born in England, grew up in Australia, and wrote his first book Brains, Machines and Mathematics while a graduate student at MIT. The attempt to understand the brain in computational terms has continued, and now—a professor of multiple disciplines at the University of Southern California—he seeks to understand how primate mechanisms of action and perception hold the key to understanding the evolution of the human brain’s capacity for language. His answer, called the Mirror System Hypothesis, was published in 2012 by Oxford University Press, as the book How the Brain Got Language.

Ash Asudeh teaches linguistics and cognitive science at Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada. He received his Ph.D. from Stanford University in 2004. His primary research interests are syntax, semantics, the intersection of logic and linguistics, and grammatical architecture.

Collin Baker received a Ph.D. in linguistics from University of California at Berkeley in 1999, and since 2000 has been manager of the FrameNet Project at the International Computer Science Institute. Recent publications include The Structure of the FrameNet Database (2003) (with Charles Fillmore and Beau Cronin) and FrameNet and Representing the Link between Semantic and Syntactic Relations (2004) (with Fillmore and Josef Ruppenhofer), along with a number of conference papers and tutorials at Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC), Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), and Linguistic Society of America (LSA). His current research focuses on efficiently extending the FrameNet lexicon and on annotating large corpora with semantic frames. (p. xxii)

Mark C. Baker is a professor in the Department of Linguistics and the Center for Cognitive Science at Rutgers University. He received his Ph.D. in linguistics from MIT in 1985 and has also taught at McGill University. He is the author of numerous technical articles and four research monographs: Incorporation (1988), The Polysynthesis Parameter (1996), The Lexical Categories (2003), and The Syntax of Agreement and Concord (2008). He has also written one book for a more general audience, The Atoms of Language (2001). His primary research interest is the syntax and morphology of less-studied languages, especially Native American languages and African languages.

Clay Beckner received his Ph.D. from the University of New Mexico, and is now a postdoctoral research fellow working on the Wordovators Project at the New Zealand Institute of Language, Brain and Behaviour (University of Canterbury). His research focuses on the processing of complex linguistic units, including multimorphemic words and “prefabricated” multiword sequences, and the cognitive and social mechanisms of language change.

Patrice Speeter Beddor is John C. Catford Collegiate Professor of Linguistics at the University of Michigan. Her broad research interests are in phonetics and the phonetics-phonology relation. Of special interest is the study of the production and perceptual usefulness of coarticulation, particularly in relation to sound change. She has published journal articles on a variety of topics (including in the Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Journal of Phonetics, Language, Phonetica, and Phonology) and is co-editor, with M.-J. Solé and M. Ohala, of Experimental Approaches to Phonology (OUP, 2007).

Douglas Biber is Regents’ Professor of English (Applied Linguistics) at Northern Arizona University. His research efforts have focused on corpus linguistics, English grammar, and register variation (in English and cross-linguistic; synchronic and diachronic). His publications include books on register variation and corpus linguistics published by Cambridge University Press (1988, 1995, 1998, forthcoming), the co-authored Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English (1999), and more recent studies of language use in university settings and discourse structure investigated from a corpus perspective (both published by Benjamins: 2006 and 2007).

Balthasar Bickel holds the chair of general linguistics in Zurich. His core interests are the regional and universal factors shaping the distribution of linguistic diversity over time. For this, Bickel applies methods ranging from the statistical analysis of typological databases and corpora to ethnolinguistic fieldwork and experimental methods. A special focus area is the Himalayas where Bickel has been engaged in interdisciplinary projects on endangered languages and developing and analyzing corpora of them.

Rens Bod obtained his Ph.D. in computational linguistics at the University of Amsterdam. He currently holds a chair in artificial intelligence and is affiliated with the University of St Andrews and the University of Amsterdam. His main interests are in computational models of language acquisition and statistical natural language (p. xxiii) processing, but he has also worked in computational musicology, reasoning, and in the history of science and humanities. Rens published over 90 scholarly articles and is the author of Beyond Grammar: An Experience-Based Theory of Language (Stanford University, 1998). He also co-edited a number of handbooks, including Probabilistic Linguistics (MIT Press, 2003) and Data-Oriented Parsing (CSLI Publications/Chicago, 2003).

Cedric Boeckx is Research Professor at the ICREA (Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats) and a member of the Department of General Linguistics at the Universität de Barcelona. He received his Ph.D. in linguistics in 2001 from the University of Connecticut, Storrs. He has held visiting positions at the Universities of Illinois and Maryland and was a fellow of Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) at Leiden University. His research interests are in theoretical syntax, comparative grammar, and architectural questions of language, including its origins and its development in children and its neurobiological basis. He is the author of, among others, Islands and Chains (Benjamins, 2003), Linguistic Minimalism (OUP, 2006), Understanding Minimalist Syntax (Blackwell, 2008), and Bare Syntax (OUP, 2008). He has published numerous articles in journals such as Linguistic Inquiry and Natural Language and Linguistic Theory.

Geert E. Booij was born in 1947 in Hoogeveen, the Netherlands. In 1971, he received an M.A. (cum laude) in Dutch linguistics, with minors in general linguistics and philosophy from the University of Groningen. From 1971 until 1981 he was an assistant/associate professor in the Department of Dutch of the University of Amsterdam, where he obtained his Ph.D. degree in 1977 with the dissertation Dutch Morphology: A Study of Word Formation in Generative Grammar (Foris Publications, Dordrecht). From 1981 until 2005, Geert Booij was a full professor of general linguistics at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. In September 2005, he was Professor of Linguistics at the University of Leiden. Geert Booij is, with Jaap van Marle, the founder and editor of the book series Yearbook of Morphology which is now, as of 2006, the journal Morphology. He is the author of The Phonology of Dutch (1995), The Morphology of Dutch (2002), and of The Grammar of Words (2005), all published by Oxford University Press, and of a number of linguistic articles in a wide range of Dutch and international journals.

John Bryant is a researcher at the International Computer Science Institute. He received his Ph.D. in computer science at the University of California at Berkeley in 2008. His research investigates precise, cognitively motivated implementations of language interpretation using constructions.

Joan L. Bybee (Ph.D. linguistics, University of California at Los Angeles, 1973) was on the faculty at the State University of New York at Buffalo from 1973 until 1989 and is now Distinguished Professor Emerita of the Department of Linguistics at the University of New Mexico. Bybee’s research interests include theoretical issues in phonology and morphology, language universals, and linguistic change. Her books include Morphology (1985), The Evolution of Grammar (1994) (with Revere Perkins and William Pagliuca), Phonology and Language Use (2001), and Frequency of Use and the (p. xxiv) Organization of Language (2006). In 2004 she served as the President of the Linguistic Society of America.

Alice Caffarel-Cayron is Senior Lecturer in the School of Languages and Cultures at the University of Sydney, where she teaches French, French linguistics, and stylistics. She is the author of A Systemic Functional Grammar of French and the co-editor of a volume on language typology from a systemic functional perspective.

Guglielmo Cinque is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Venice, co-editor of The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Syntax (OUP, 2005) (with Richard Kayne), and author of various volumes on syntax, including Adverbs and Functional Heads (OUP, 1999) and Restructuring and Functional Heads (OUP, 2006). With Luigi Rizzi he has promoted the subseries of volumes on The Cartography of Syntactic Structures of the Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax series edited by R. Kayne.

Eve V. Clark is Lyman Professor in Humanities and Professor of Linguistics at Stanford University. She is the author of First Language Acquisition (2009, 2nd edition), The Lexicon in Acquisition (1993), The Ontogenesis of Meaning (1979); and co-author (with H. H. Clark) of Psychology and Language (1977). She has also published numerous research articles on the acquisition of language. She has worked on how children assign meanings to words, the acquisition and use of word-formation, pragmatic directions from adults about new words, adult feedback to children’s errors, and general pragmatic principles that govern language use in adult and child.

Peter W. Culicover received his Ph.D. in linguistics from MIT in 1971. He is currently Humanities Distinguished Professor in Linguistics at the Ohio State University. He was Chair of the Department of Linguistics for eight years and was the Founding Director of the Center for Cognitive Science at OSU and served in that capacity for thirteen years. He has published twelve books and over sixty articles and chapters. In 2006, he was awarded the Humboldt Research Award by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation and is a recent winner of the Distinguished Scholar Award of the Ohio State University.

Ellen Dodge is a Ph.D. candidate in linguistics at the University of California, Berkeley. Her main area of research is in cognitive linguistics and includes work on image schemas, meaning representation, construction grammar, and compositionality.

Jerome Feldman is a professor of computer science and cognitive science at the University of California and a research scientist at the International Computer Science Institute in Berkeley. He received the Ph.D. from Carnegie-Mellon in 1964 and previously taught at Stanford and Rochester.

Charles J. Fillmore was Emeritus Professor at the University of California at Berkeley. His early work included contributions to generative grammar (cyclic rule application), the grammar and semantics of English verbs, case grammar, deixis, frame semantics, and construction grammar. After retirement he was associated with FrameNet, (p. xxv) a computational lexicography project at the International Computer Science Institute, supported mainly by the US National Science Foundation. He served as President of the Linguistic Society of America in 1991. Charles Fillmore passed away on February 13, 2014.

Klaus Fischer is Professor of Linguistics at London Metropolitan University. He started his academic career in Britain as DAAD-Lektor (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst) at the University of Wales, Lampeter (1985–88), after having studied German and philosophy in Munich and Bonn. He has worked at London Metropolitan University or one of its predecessor institutions (City of London Polytechnic, London Guildhall University) since 1989, first as Lecturer in German, heading the German section since 1999, and from 2002 to 2011 as Reader in German. In 1995, he was awarded a Ph.D. at the University of Wales. His main research interests are the foundation and application of valency theory, the comparison of English and German verb complementation, and more generally the typology of English and German.

T. Givón is Professor Emeritus of Linguistics and Cognitive Science and co-founder of the Institute of Cognitive and Decision Sciences at the University of Oregon. From 1969 to 1981 he taught at the University of California at Los Angeles, and from 1981 to 2004 at the University of Oregon. His many books include On Understanding Grammar (Academic Press, 1979), Ute Dictionary (Ute Press, 1979), Ute Reference Grammar (Ute Press, 1980), Ute Traditional Narratives (Ute Press, 1985), Syntax: A Functional-Typological Introduction (Benjamins, 1984, 1990), Mind, Code and Context (Erlbaum, 1989), English Grammar (Benjamins, 1993), Functionalism and Grammar (Benjamins, 1995), and Syntax: An Introduction (Benjamins, 2001). His most recent books are Bio-Linguistics: The Santa Barbara Lectures (Benjamins, 2002) and Context as Other Minds: The Pragmatics of Sociality, Cognition and Communication (Benjamins, 2005).

Cliff Goddard is Adjunct Professor at the School of Languages and Linguistics, Griffith University, Brisbane. His research interests lie at the intersection of language, meaning, and culture. He is one of the leading proponents of the NSM (Natural Semantic Metalanguage) approach to linguistic description and a close collaborator with the originator of the approach, Anna Wierzbicka. He has published extensively on topics in semantic theory, cross-linguistic semantics, cross-cultural pragmatics, and on language description, especially in relation to English, Malay, and Yankunytjatjara (Central Australia). Recently he edited the collective volumes Ethnopragmatics: Understanding Discourse in Cultural Context (Mouton de Gruyter, 2006) and Cross-Linguistic Semantics (Benjamins, 2008). With Anna Wierzbicka, he is co-editor of the two-volume collection Meaning and Universal Grammar—Theory and Empirical Findings (Benjamins, 2002). Goddard has published two textbooks: Semantic Analysis (OUP, 1998) and The Languages of East and Southeast Asia (OUP, 2005). He is a full professor of linguistics at the University of New England, Australia, and a fellow of the Australian Academy of Humanities. (p. xxvi)

Maria Gouskova is an assistant professor in the Department of Linguistics at New York University. She works in phonology and its interfaces with phonetics and morphology in the framework of Optimality Theory. She is interested in the relation of phonological constraints to each other and to linguistic primitives. She has published in the journals Linguistic Inquiry and Phonology on a variety of topics in phonological theory ranging from the role of sonority in syllable structure to templates in reduplication.

Martin Haspelmath is a senior staff member at the Max-Planck-Institut für evolutionäre Anthropologie in Leipzig. He received degrees at the Universität zu Köln, University at Buffalo, and the Freie Universität Berlin. He taught at the Freie Universität (FU) Berlin, the Universität Bamberg, the Università di Pavia, the Universität Leipzig, and at summer schools in Albuquerque, Mainz, Düsseldorf, Cagliari, Berkeley, and at MIT. His research interests are primarily in the area of broadly comparative and diachronic morphosyntax (Indefinite Pronouns, 1997; From Space to Time, 1997; Understanding Morphology, 2002). He is one of the editors of Oxford University Press’s World Atlas of Language Structures (2005).

Bernd Heine is Emeritus Professor at the Institute of African Studies (Institut fur Afrikanistik), University of Cologne. He has held visiting professorships in Europe, Eastern Asia, Australia, Africa, and the Americas. His thirty-three books include Possession: Cognitive Sources, Forces, and Grammaticalization (CUP, 1997); Auxiliaries: Cognitive Forces and Grammaticalization (OUP, 1993); Cognitive Foundations of Grammar (OUP, 1997); with Derek Nurse, African Languages: An Introduction (CUP, 2000); A Linguistic Geography of Africa (CUP, 2007); with Tania Kuteva, World Lexicon of Grammaticalization (CUP, 2002); Language Contact and Grammatical Change (CUP, 2005); The Changing Languages of Europe (OUP, 2006); The Evolution of Grammar (OUP, 2007); and with Heiko Narrog as co-editor, The Oxford Handbook of Grammaticalization (OUP, 2012).

Kees Hengeveld is Professor of Theoretical Linguistics at the University of Amsterdam. Before that, he taught Spanish Linguistics at that same university. His research focuses on Functional Discourse Grammar and linguistic typology, and often on the combination of the two. With Lachlan Mackenzie he published Functional Discourse Grammar (OUP, 2008), a full account of the model presented in outline form in the present book. Before that, he posthumously edited Simon C. Dik’s two-volume The Theory of Functional Grammar (Mouton de Gruyter, 1997), and published Non-Verbal Predication: Theory, Typology, Diachrony (Mouton de Gruyter, 1992), as well as numerous articles and edited volumes.

Yan Huang is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Auckland. He has previously taught linguistics at the University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, and University of Reading, where he was Professor of Theoretical Linguistics. His main research interests are in pragmatics, semantics, and syntax, especially the pragmatics-semantics interface and the pragmatics-syntax interface. His published work includes (p. xxvii) The Syntax and Pragmatics of Anaphora (Cambridge University Press, 1994, re-issued 2007), Anaphora: A Cross-Linguistic Study (OUP, 2000), and Pragmatics (OUP, 2007). He has also published a number of articles and reviews in leading international journals of linguistics.

Richard (“Dick”) Hudson was born in 1939 and educated at Loughborough Grammar School, Corpus Christi College Cambridge and the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), London. Since his 1964 SOAS Ph.D., which dealt with the grammar of the Cushitic language Beja, he spent all his salaried research life working on English at University College London, with occasional forays into other languages. Another strand of his linguistics, due to early contacts with Michael Halliday, was (and is) an attempt to improve the bridge between academic linguistics and school-level language education. He was elected Fellow of the British Academy in 1993 and retired from UCL in 2004.

Ray Jackendoff is Seth Merrin Professor of Philosophy and Co-Director of the Center for Cognitive Studies at Tufts University. He is also Professor Emeritus of Linguistics at Brandeis University and a member of the External Faculty of the Santa Fe Institute. He is past president of the Linguistic Society of America and the 2003 recipient of the Jean Nicod Prize in cognitive philosophy. His most recent books are Foundations of Language, Simpler Syntax (2005) (with Peter Culicover), and Language, Consciousness, Culture (2007).

Kasia M. Jaszczolt is Reader in Linguistics and Philosophy of Language at the University of Cambridge and Fellow of Newnham College, Cambridge. She obtained her D.Phil. from the University of Oxford (1992) for a thesis on the semantics of propositional attitude reports. She has published widely on the topics of semantic ambiguity and underdetermination, definite descriptions, belief reports, and the semantics of time, principally developing and applying the theory of Default Semantics to various types of constructions. Her books include Default Semantics (OUP, 2005), Semantics and Pragmatics: Meaning in Language and Discourse (Longman, 2002), Discourse, Beliefs and Intentions (Elsevier Science, 1999), and Representing Time: An Essay on Temporality as Modality (OUP, 2009). She is also member of various editorial boards including Journal of Pragmatics and Studies of Pragmatics, a committee member of the Linguistics Association of Great Britain, and from 1996 to 2008 was managing editor of a book series Current Research in the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface (CRiSPI) (Elsevier Science).

Ronald W. Langacker is Professor Emeritus and Research Professor at the University of California, San Diego. Early in his career, major areas of research included generative syntax and the comparative-historical grammar of the Uto-Aztecan family of Native American languages. Over the last three decades, his main concern has been to develop and progressively articulate the theory of Cognitive Grammar, a radical alternative to generative theory. He has published numerous books and articles dealing with a broad array of issues in cognitive linguistics. (p. xxviii)

J. Lachlan Mackenzie is Honorary Professor of Functional Linguistics at the Free University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, and works at Instituto de Linguística Teórica e Computacional (Lisbon, Portugal) as a consultant in languages and linguistics. His professional interests are mainly in the analysis of Western European languages from the perspective of Functional Discourse Grammar (FDG). Among recent books co-edited in this area are A New Architecture for Functional Grammar (Mouton de Gruyter, 2004), Crucial Readings in Functional Grammar (Mouton de Gruyter, 2005), and Studies in Functional Discourse Grammar (Lang, 2005). He is co-author, with Kees Hengeveld, of Functional Discourse Grammar (OUP, 2008).

Teenie Matlock is a cognitive scientist who integrates cognitive linguist theory and experimental methods to study the use and understanding of meaning. She is Founding Faculty and McClatchy Chair of Communications at the University of California, Merced. She also is affiliate faculty at the University of California, Berkeley. Matlock has published over 75 articles that span linguistics, cognitive psychology, and computer science. She serves on the National Institute of Health Language and Communication Study section and is on the governing board for the Cognitive Science Society. Her Ph.D. is from University of California, Santa Cruz, and she did postdoctoral research at Stanford University. Her research interests include fictive motion, aspect, metaphor, gesture, and framing effects.

Laura A. Michaelis is professor of linguistics and a faculty fellow in the Institute of Cognitive Science at the University of Colorado at Boulder. She is the author of Aspectual Grammar and Past-Time Reference (1998) and Beyond Alternations: A Constructional Model of the German Applicative Pattern (2001) (with Josef Ruppenhofer). She is the co-editor, with Elaine Francis, of Mismatch: Form-Function Incongruity and the Architecture of Grammar (2003). She is currently collaborating on a Construction Grammar monograph with Charles Fillmore, Paul Kay, and Ivan Sag. Her work has appeared in the journals Language, Journal of Semantics, Journal of Pragmatics, Cognitive Linguistics, Journal of Linguistics, Linguistics and Philosophy, and Studies in Language.

Glyn Morrill has held research positions at the Centre for Cognitive Science, University of Edinburgh, Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Universiteit Utrecht and Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica (CWI) Amsterdam, and Departament de Llenguatges i Sistemes Informàtics, Universität Politècnica de Catalunya. Since 1993 he has been a lecturer in computer science at this latter. In 1995, he co-founded with Dick Oehrle the annual Formal Grammar conference. He researches on logic in grammar and processing, focusing on type logical categorial grammar. He is author of Type Logical Grammar: Categorial Logic of Signs (Kluwer, 1994) and Lògica de primer ordre (Edicions Universität Politecnica de Catalunya, 2001).

Heiko Narrog is Associate Professor at the Graduate School of International Cultural Studies of Tohoku University. He holds two Ph.D.s in linguistics, in Germany and Japan, and his publications include Japanische Verbflexive und flektierbare Suffixe (p. xxix) (Harrassowitz, 1999) as well as numerous articles in linguistic typology, semantics and language change, and Japanese linguistics. He is currently involved in a typological project on semantic maps and is preparing the publication of a book on modality and the hierarchy of functional categories.

William O’Grady is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. His recent work, exemplified by his 2005 book, Syntactic Carpentry (Erlbaum), adopts an emergentist perspective on syntax, arguing that an efficiency-driven processor can explain why language has the particular properties that it does and how those properties are acquired with such apparent ease by children. He is also well known for his work on Korean, on which he has written extensively.

Mary Paster (B.A. Ohio State University; M.A., Ph.D. University of California, Berkeley) is Associate Professor and Chair of Linguistics and Cognitive Science at Pomona College in Claremont, California. She specializes in phonology and morphology and their interfaces, particularly in the study of tone systems, allomorphy, and affix ordering. Her primary focus is on West African languages, though she has worked on languages spoken all around the African continent and in other parts of the world.

Eric Pederson received his Ph.D. in linguistics from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1991, with a dissertation on the polysemy of reflexive and causative morphology. He then worked with the Cognitive Anthropology Research Group at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen through 1997. His work has long focused on spatial language and cognition as well as the development of field methods relevant for linguistic relativity research. Since 1984, Pederson’s field work has been mostly in rural South India. In winter 1998, he joined the Linguistics department of the University of Oregon, where he is currently an associate professor and the department head.

Luigi Rizzi is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Siena. He has been on the faculty of several universities in Europe and the US, including MIT, the University of Geneva, the Ecole Normale Supérieure (Paris). His research focuses on syntactic theory and comparative syntax, with special reference to the theory of locality, the study of variation through parametric models, the cartography of syntactic structures, and the acquisition of syntax.

Jack Sidnell (Ph.D. Toronto, 1998) is an associate professor of anthropology at the University of Toronto with a cross-appointment to the Department of Linguistics. His research focuses on the structures of talk and interaction. In addition to research in the Caribbean and Vietnam, he has examined talk in court and among young children. He is the author of Conversation Analysis: An Introduction (2010), the editor of Conversation Analysis: Comparative Perspectives (2009), and co-editor (with Makoto Hayashi and Geoffrey Raymond) of Conversational Repair and Human Understanding (2013) and (with Tanya Stivers) of The Handbook of Conversation Analysis (2012). (p. xxx)

Henriëtte de Swart obtained her Ph.D. from the University of Groningen in 1991. She has been Full Professor of French Linguistics and Semantics at Utrecht University since 1997. The main emphasis of her work is on cross-linguistic semantics. Her collaboration with Donka Farkas led to a book on noun incorporation and several articles on genericity, plurality, and indefiniteness. In recent years, she has explored Optimality Theory to develop typologies of negation and article use. With Joost Zwarts, she is currently involved in a research project on “weakly referential noun phrases.”

Ida Toivonen teaches linguistics and cognitive science at Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada. She received her Ph.D. from Stanford University in 2001. Her primary area of research is syntax, but she also works on phonetics, morphosyntax, lexical semantics, and language description. She is particularly interested in Swedish and Inari Saami.

Robert D. Van Valin, Jr. received his Ph.D. in linguistics at the University of California, Berkeley. His research is focused on theoretical linguistics, especially syntactic theory and theories of the acquisition of syntax and the role of syntactic theory in models of sentence processing. He is the co-author of Functional Syntax and Universal Grammar (Cambridge University Press, 1984), the editor of Advances in Role and Reference Grammar (Benjamins, 1993), the co-author of Syntax: Structure, Meaning and Function (Cambridge University Press, 1997), and the author of An Introduction to Syntax (Cambridge University Press, 2001). His most recent book is Exploring the Syntax-Semantics Interface (Cambridge University Press, 2005). He is the general editor of the Oxford Surveys in Syntax and Morphology series (OUP).

Phyllis Perrin Wilcox is Professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University of New Mexico. She has presented on metaphor and metonymy in signed languages at national and international conferences. Dr. Wilcox was instrumental in establishing the baccalaureate degree in Signed Language Interpreting at UNM and coordinated the program for over fifteen years. She has served as chair of the Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf’s National Review Board and now serves on the New Mexico Interpreting Licensure Board. Dr. Wilcox is the author of Metaphor in American Sign Language (Gallaudet University Press, 2000) and numerous articles on metaphorical cognition.

Sherman Wilcox is Professor of Linguistics, University of New Mexico. Dr. Wilcox’s interests include understanding what signed languages can tell us about the origin of language, as well as the developmental process by which gesture becomes incorporated into the grammatical system of signed languages. Dr. Wilcox is the author of many articles on a wide range of topics focussing on the theoretical and applied study of signed languages. His books include Gesture and the Nature of Language (Cambridge University Press, 1995) (with David Armstrong and William Stokoe), Learning to See: Teaching American Sign Language as a Second Language (Gallaudet, 1997) (with Phyllis Perrin Wilcox), and The Gestural Origin of Language (OUP, 2007) (with David Armstrong). (p. xxxi)

Bodo Winter studied general linguistics, phonetics, and philosophy at the University of Cologne, Germany, and received his M.A. in linguistics from the University of Hawai’i at Manoa. He was a doctoral fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Department of Linguistics, and he now is a Ph.D. candidate at the Cognitive and Information Sciences group at the University of California, Merced. His research interests are located within the general domain of cognitive linguistics and psycholinguistics. He has published experimental work on mental simulation, conceptual metaphors, and mathematical cognition.

Francisco Yus teaches pragmatics at the University of Alicante, Spain. He has a Ph.D. in linguistics and has specialized in the application of pragmatics (especially relevance theory) to media discourses and conversational issues. He has applied pragmatics to alternative comics (Conversational Cooperation in Alternative Comics, 1995; El discurso femenino en el cómic alternativo inglés, 1998), proposed a verbal-visual model of communication in media discourses (La interpretación y la imagen de masas, 1997), and developed a pragmatic approach to Internet-mediated communication (Ciberpragmática, 2001). Latest research has to do with the application of relevance theory to misunderstandings and irony in conversation, as well as to the production and interpretation of humor.

Joost Zwarts defended his Ph.D. thesis at Utrecht University in 1992. He is an assistant professor in the Department of Linguistics at Utrecht University and works in the area of semantics, with a special focus on the domains of spatial prepositions, article use, and lexical semantics. He has also done fieldwork in Kenya, and published a phonology of Endo, a Southern Nilotic language. He is now involved, with Henriëtte de Swart, in a research project on “weakly referential noun phrases.” (p. xxxii)