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date: 18 June 2019

(p. xi) List of Abbreviations

(p. xi) List of Abbreviations

1, 2, 3

first, second, third person

2so

second person singular object agreement

2ss

second person singular subject agreement

3so

third person singular object agreement

3ss

third person singular subject agreement

A

agent; adjective

ABIL

ability

ABL

ablative

ABS

absolute; absolutive

ACC, Acc

accusative; operator of acceptability; anterior cingulate cortex

ADJ

adjective; adjunct

ADV, Adv

adverb

Agr

agreement

AgrS

subject-verb agreement

AmE

American English

ANIM

animate

ANTIPASS

antipassive

AP

adverbial phrase

Art

article

ASL

American Sign Language

ASP

aspect

ATR

advanced tongue root

AUH

actor-undergoer hierarchy

AUX

auxiliary

AVM

attribute-value matrix

BA

bare argument; Brodmann’s area

BAE

bare argument ellipsis

beneficiary

BNC

British National Corpus

BOLD

Blood Oxygenation Level—Dependent fMRI signal

BrE

British English

BSL

British Sign Language

C

consonant; complementizer

C1, C2, etc.

noun class 1, 2, etc.

CA

Conversation Analysis

CAT

syntactic category

CCM

Constituent-Context Model

CD

cognitive default

CG

Cognitive Grammar; Construction Grammar

CL

class; Cognitive Linguistics

CN

count noun

CNJ

conjunction

COMP

complement

COMPL

completive

Con

component that defines the set of universal violable constraints

COND

conditional

Conj

conjunction

CONN

connective

CONTR

contrastive

COP

copula

COREF

coreference

CORR

correlative

CP

complementizer phrase

CPI

effortful processing

CS

conceptual structure

CSLI

Center for the Study of Language and Information

D

determiner; dependency

DAT, Dat

dative

DECL

declarative

DEF

definite

DEM, Dem

demonstrative

determiner

det

determiner

DG

dependency grammar

DI

degree of intention

DIVA

Directions Into Velocities of Articulators

DLPC

dorsolateral prefrontal cortex

DO, dobj

direct object

DOP

Data-Oriented Parsing

DS

Default Semantics

DSP

digital signal processing

DU

Derivational Uniformity

DUP

duplicative

ECG

Embodied Construction Grammar

ELAN

early left-anterior negativity

EMMA

electromagnetic midsagittal articulography

epf

epistemic possibility future

ERG

ergative

ERPs

event-related potentials

Eval

component that selects an optimal output from the set of alternative candidates

F

feminine; Finite

f

form pole of a construction

FACT

factual mood

FAM

familiar

Fdef

type of faithfulness constraint

FDG

Functional Discourse Grammar

Fdr

type of faithfulness constraint

FE

frame element

FEM, fem

feminine

FG

Functional Grammar

FGT

Formal Generative Typology

fif

fully inflected form

FL

faculty of language

fMRI

functional magnetic resonance imaging

FrameNet

FocP

Focus projection

FP

final particle

fp

futurative progressive

Fpl

type of faithfulness constraint

fr

frame

*FunctN

a core markedness constraint

FUT

future

GAPP

Golden Age of Pure Pragmatics

GB

Government-Binding Theory

GCat

morphological constituents

GCI

generalized conversational implicature GEN, Gen genitive

Gen

component where output candidate parses are generated; genitive

GF

grammatical function

GPSG

Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar

H

high tone

HAB

habitual

hd

head

HPSG

Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar

Hz

Hertz

I

inflection

IF

illocutionary force

IFG

Incremental Functional Grammar; inferior frontal gyrus

IL

interpersonal level

IMP

imperative

IMPF

imperfective aspect

IND, INDIC

indicative mood

INDEF

indefinite

INF

infinitive

INFER

inferential

Infl

inflection

INSTR

instrument(al)

indirect object

IP

inflectional phrase

IRR

irrealis

IS

information structure; inferential system

isa

basic relation of classification

IU

Interface Uniformity

JSL

Japanese Sign Language

K

case

L

low tone; loser

LAD

language acquisition device

LDP

left-detached position

LF

logical form

LFG

Lexical Functional Grammar

LIFG

Left inferior frontal gyrus

LIS

Italian Sign Language

LK

linking particle

LOC

locative

LS

logical structure

LSC

Catalan Sign Language

LSF

French Sign Language

LTM

Long-Term Memory

LU

lexical unit

M

masculine; semantic molecule

MASC, masc

masculine

MAX

constraint requiring every segment in the a correspondent in the output

MD

Multi-Dimensional analysis

MDP

Minimal Distance Principle

MEG

Magnetoencephalography

MGG

Mainstream Generative Grammar

mod

modifier

MP

Minimalist Program

ms

milliseconds

MSH

Mirror System Hypothesis

middle temporal gyrus

MTL

medial temporal lobe

MUC

Memory, Unification, Control

N400

an event-related potential which occurs approximately 400 msec after the start of presentation of a word

N

noun; neuter

NAND

“and not”

NEG

negation

NMR

non-macrorole

NOGEM

constraint against geminates

NOM, Nom

nominative

NONPST

nonpast

NP

Noun Phrase; noun phrase

NSM

Natural Semantic Metalanguage

NTL

Neural Theory of Language

NUC

nucleus

NUM, Num

numeral

O, OBJ

object

OBL

oblique

orth

orthography

OT

Optimality Theory

OT-LFG

Optimality-Theoretic Lexical Functional Grammar

P600

an event-related potential which occurs approximately 600 msec after the start of presentation of a word

P

patient; person; Predicator

PA

Parallel Architecture

P&P

Principles-and-Parameters

ParGram

Parallel Grammar

ParSem

Parallel Semantics

PART

participle

PASS

passive

PCat

levels in the Prosodic Hierarchy

PCFG

Probabilistic Context-Free Grammar

PCI

particularized conversational implicature

perfect

PET

positron emission tomography

pers

person

PF

perfective

PI

primary intention

PL, pl

plural

pm

primary meaning

POSS

possessive

PP

prepositional phrase; Prepositional Phrase

PrCS

pre-core slot

PRED

predicate

PRES

present

PRO, PRON, Pron

pronoun

PROG

progressive

PROX

proximative aspect

PRS

present

PRT

particle

PSA

privileged syntactic argument

PST

past

PTCP

participle

PUNC

punctual aspect

PW

phonological word

Q

question particle

R

form-government relation

rCBF

Regional cerebral blood flow

REAL

realis

REC

reciprocal

REF

reflexive

REF-REC

reflexive-reciprocal category

REL

relative clause marker

REM

remote

REP

reportative

RG

Relational Grammar

representational level

RP

reference phrase

RRG

Role and Reference Grammar

RT

relevance theory

S

Sentence; sentence; subject

SAI

subject-auxiliary inversion

S&W

Sperber and Wilson

SBCG

Sign-Based Construction Grammar

SBJV

subjunctive mood

SC

society and culture

SCWD

automatic utilization of knowledge of culture and society

SD

situation of discourse

SEM

meaning of a sign

SemRep

hierarchical graph-like semantic representation of a visual scene

SFG

Systemic Functional Grammar

SFL

Systemic Functional Linguistics

SG, sg

singular

sm

secondary meaning

SOV

Subject-Object-Verb; subject-object-verb

SP

subject pronoun

SPE

The Sound Pattern of English

SPEC

specifier

SS

Simpler Syntax

SSH

Simpler Syntax Hypothesis

STAT

stative aspect

STG

superior temporal gyrus

SU

Structural Uniformity

SUBJ, subj

subject

SUBS

subsequent tense

SVO

subject-verb-object

T

tense; word-token

TAG

Tree-Adjoining Grammar

TAM

tense-aspect-modality

Template Construction Grammar

TCU

turn constructional unit

TL

trajectory-landmark

TMA

tense-modality-aspect

TMS

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

TNS

tense

TOP

topic

TR

transitive

TSG

Tree-Substitution Grammar

UG

Universal Grammar

UTAH

Uniformity of Theta Assignment Hypothesis

V

verb; vowel

VAL

valence

VIS

visual

VOC

Verb-Object Constraint

VP

verb phrase

VSO

verb-subject-object

VT

valency theory

W

winner

WALS

World Atlas of Language Structures

W&S

Wilson and Sperber

WG

Word Grammar

WH

question word

WK

world knowledge

WM

Working Memory

WS

word meaning and sentence structure

XADJ

open predicate adjunct

XCOMP

open predicate complement

XLE

Xerox Linguistic Environment

XOR

a set-theoretic operator inspired by exclusive disjunction

XP

predicate phrase (VP, NP, AP, or PP)

(p. xx)