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date: 18 September 2019

(p. xiii) List of Abbreviations

(p. xiii) List of Abbreviations

A.

Atlantic Reports

A.C.

Appeal Cases

AFA

Armed Forces Act 2006 (United Kingdom)

AI

artificial intelligence

AIR

All India Reports

AJIL

American Journal of International Law

AJR

Accessing Justice and Reconciliation

Allen

Allen’s Reports

All E.R.

All England Reports

AmCHR

American Convention on Human Rights

API/II

Additional Protocol I/II (Geneva Conventions)

ArabCHR

Arab Charter on Human Rights

Ariz.

Arizona Reports

BayObLG

Bayerisches Oberstes Landesgericht (Bavarian Supreme Regional Court)

BCCA

British Columbia Court of Appeal

BCSC

British Columbia Supreme Court

BDSM

bondage, discipline, sadism, and masochism

BGBl.

Bundesgesetzblatt

BGH

Bundesgerichtshof (German Federal Court of Justice)

BGHSt

Entscheidungen des Bundesgerichtshofs in Strafsachen

BIID

Bodily Integrity Identity Disorder

BTLC

Butterworth’s Trading Law Cases

BVerfG

Bundesverfassungsgericht (German Federal Constitutional Court)

BVerfGE

Entscheidungen des Bundesverfassungsgerichts

BWS

Battered Woman Syndrome

C. & P.

Carrington and Payne’s Nisi Prius Reports

C.A.

Court of Appeal

CAH

crimes against humanity

Cal.

California Reports

Cal. App.

California Appellate Reports

Cal. Rptr.

California Reporter

CC

Criminal Code

CCC

Canadian Criminal Cases

CCL

corporate criminal liability

CCLR

Consumer Credit Law Reports

CETS

Council of Europe Treaty Series

CHEKA

Commission for the Fight Against the Counterrevolution (p. xiv)

CLR

Commonwealth Law Reports

CLS

Critical Legal Studies

CMAC

Court Martial Appeal Court Reports

CND

Commission on Narcotic Drugs

CNLR

Canadian Native Law Reports

Conn.

Connecticut Reports

Co. Rep.

Coke’s King’s Bench Reports

Cox C.C.

Cox’s Criminal Cases

CPSU

Communist Party of the Soviet Union

CPT

Committee for the Prevention of Torture

C.R.

Canadian Reports, Appeal Cases

Cranch.

Cranch’s Reports

Cr. App. R.

Criminal Appeal Reports

Cr. Cas. Res.

Crown Cases Reserved

CRT

Critical Race Theory

CTS

Consolidated Treaty Series

DEA

Drug Enforcement Administration

DFDA

Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 (Australia)

DLR

Dominion Law Reports

DPP

Director of Public Prosecutions

DPR

Decisiones de Puerto Rico

DUI

driving under the influence

ECCC

Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia

East P.C.

East’s Pleas of the Crown

EAW

European Arrest Warrant

EC

European Community

ECHR

European Convention on Human Rights

ECJ

European Court of Justice

ECR

European Court Reports

ECtHR

European Court of Human Rights

EHRR

European Human Rights Reports

EPR

European Prison Rules

E.R.

English Reports

EU

European Union

EWCA Crim.

England and Wales Court of Appeal, Criminal Division Reports

Ex.

Exchequer Reports

F.

Federal Reports

F.C.

Federal Court Reports

Fed. Appx.

Federal Appendix

FGC

female genital cutting

F. Supp.

Federal Supplement

Ga.

Georgia Reports

GC

Grand Chamber

GCIII/IV

Geneva Convention III/IV

GF

governance feminism

GG

Grundgesetz (German Basic Law)

GID

Gender Identity Disorder (p. xv)

Haw. App.

Hawaii Appeal Reports

HCA

High Court of Australia

HCJ

High Court of Justice

H.L.

House of Lords

How.

Howell’s Reports

H.R.

Hague Regulation

HRLR

Human Rights Law Review

Hum.

Humphrey’s Reports

Ia.

Iowa Reports

ICC

International Criminal Court

ICCPR

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

ICJ

International Court of Justice

ICL

international criminal law

ICLQ

International and Comparative Law Quarterly

ICR

Industrial Case Reports

ICRC

International Committee of the Red Cross

ICT

information and communication technology

ICTR

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

ICTY

International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

Ill.

Illinois Reports

ILO

International Labour Organization

ILR

International Law Reports

IMT

International Military Tribunal

IMTFE

International Military Tribunal for the Far East

IPC

Indian Penal Code

IsrSC

Israeli Supreme Court

J.C.

Justiciary Cases

JCE

joint criminal enterprise

JHA

Justice and Home Affairs

J.P.

Justice of the Peace Reports

JR

Juristische Rundschau

JSP

Joint Service Publication

K.A.

Kanonistische Abteilung

Kans.

Kansas Reports

K.B.

King’s Bench Reports

KBD

King’s Bench Division

KDD

knowledge discovery in databases

KritV

Kritische Vierteljahresschrift für Gesetzgebung und Rechtswissenschaft

Ky.

Kentucky Reports

Leach

Leach’s Cases in Crown Law

L.Ed.

Lawyers’ Edition

LJ

Law Journal

LNTS

League of Nations Treaty Series

LQR

Law Quarterly Review

LR

Law Review

L.R. CCR

Law Reports, Crown Cases Reserved

L.R. Ex.

Law Reports, Exchequer (p. xvi)

L.R. Q.B.

Law Reports, Queen’s Bench

LRTWC

Law Reports of Trials of War Criminals

M. & W.

Meeson and Welsby’s Exchequer Reports

Man. CA

Manitoba Court of Appeal

Mass.

Massachusetts Reports

Md.

Maryland Reports

MDR

Monatsschrift für Deutsches Recht

Me.

Maine Reports

Mich.

Michigan Reports

MICT

Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals

Misc.

Miscellaneous Reports

M.J.

Military Justice Reporter

MPC

Model Penal Code (United States)

NAACP

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

N.C.

North Carolina Reports

NDA

National Defence Act 1985 (Canada)

N.E.

North Eastern Reports

NEP

New Economic Policy

Nfld & PEIR

Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island Reports

NGO

non-governmental organization

N.J.

New Jersey Reports

NJW

Neue Juristische Wochenschrift

NPM

National Preventive Mechanism

NPS

new psychoactive substances

NRA

National Rifle Association

NStZ

Neue Zeitschrift für Strafrecht

NTSC

Northwest Territories Supreme Court

N.W.

North Western Reporter

N.Y.

New York Reports

N.Y.S.

New York Supplement

NZCA

New Zealand Court of Appeal Reports

NZLR

New Zealand Law Reports

OAC

Ontario Appeal Cases

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OJLS

Oxford Journal of Legal Studies

Ont. CJ

Ontario Court of Justice

ONCA

Ontario Court of Appeal Reports

ONDCP

Office of National Drug Control Policy

OPCAT

Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture

O.R.

Ontario Reports

OTP

Office of the Prosecutor

P.

Pacific Reporter

PCA

Permanent Court of Arbitration

PCIJ

Permanent Court of International Justice

PEI TD

Prince Edward Island Trial Division

Plowd.

Plowden’s Commentaries

PLRA

Prison Litigation Reform Act (p. xvii)

PoW

prisoner of war

Q.B.

Queen’s Bench Reports

QBD

Queen’s Bench Division

RCADI

Recueil des cours de l’Académie de droit international

RCAP

Royal Commission of Aboriginal People

RIAA

Reports of International Arbitral Awards

RSC

Revised Statutes of Canada

RSFSR

Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic

S. Ct.

Supreme Court Reports

SAR

sexual abuse in authority

SCC

Supreme Court of Canada

SCR

Supreme Court Reports (Canada)

SCSL

Special Court for Sierra Leone

S.E.

South Eastern Reporter

SLT

Scots Law Times

SLT (Sh. Ct.)

Scots Law Times (Sheriff Court Reports)

So.

Southern Reporter

SPT

Subcommittee for the Prevention of Torture

Stat.

Statutes at Large

Stb.

Staatsblad

StGB

Strafgesetzbuch (Austrian/German/Swiss Criminal Code)

STL

Special Tribunal for Lebanon

StV

Strafverteidiger

Tenn.

Tennessee Reports

Term Rep.

Durnford and East’s Term Reports

Tex. App.

Texas Appeal Reports

TFEU

Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union

UCMJ

Uniform Code of Military Justice (United States)

UKHL

United Kingdom House of Lords Reports

UKPC

United Kingdom Privy Council Reports

UNODC

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

UNSMR

United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners

UNTS

United Nations Treaty Series

U.S.

Reports of Cases in the Supreme Court of the United States

USC

United States Code

USLW

United States Law Week

Va.

Virginia Reports

VAR

Victorian Administrative Reports

VSCA

Victoria Supreme Court of Appeal Decisions

Wash.

Washington Reports

Wash. App.

Washington Appeal Reports

WCB

Workers Compensation Board Reports

WDO

Wehrdisziplinarordnung (German Military Disciplinary Code)

WHO

World Health Organization

WLR

Weekly Law Reports

WStG

Wehrstrafgesetz (German Military Criminal Code)

ZRG

Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte

ZStW

Zeitschrift für die gesamte Strafrechtswissenschaft

(p. xviii)