- Environmental History of the Middle East and North Africa
- Fiscal Crisis and Structural Change in the Late Ottoman Economy
- Foundations of Religious Reform (Islah) and Cultural Revival (Nahda)
- Constitutional Revolutions and State Formations in Comparison: Iran and Turkey
- The First World War and its Legacy in the Middle East
- The Levant Mandates
- The Emergence of Nationalism
- The Matter of Sectarianism
- Kemalism and Beyond
- Fascism in the Middle East and North Africa
- Communism in the Middle East and North Africa: From Comintern Parties to Marxist-Leninist Movements
- A War over the People: The Algerian War of Independence, 1954–1962
- Dodging the Peril of Peace: Israel and the Arabs in the Aftermath of the June 1967 War
- Reliving Tragedies as Historical Reawakenings: Modern Iran and Its Revolutions
- Capital, Labor, and State: Rethinking the Political Economy of Oil in the Gulf
- Media as Method in the Age of Revolution: The Rise of Neoliberal Authoritarianism
- Counterterrorism and Counterinsurgency in the Neoliberal Age
- W(h)ither Arabian Peninsula Studies?
- Syria’s Economic History: Bumpy Road from Economic Nationalism to Neoliberalism
- The Fragmentation of Gender in Post-Invasion Iraq
- Sextarianism: Notes on Studying the Lebanese State
- Contemporary Israel/Palestine
- Toward New Approaches to the Anthropology of Islamic Movements: Women’s Islamic Activism and the Question of Subjectivity
- The Arab Uprisings of 2011 in Historical Perspective
- Political Movements in Bahrain Across the Long Twentieth Century (1900–2015)
- Before the Spring: Shifting Patterns of Protest in Rural Egypt
- Cascading Liberation and Renewal—Tunisia in History
- Arab Youth: Disruptive Generation of the Twenty-first Century?
- The Yemeni Uprising: A Product of Twenty Years of Grassroots Mobilization
- The “New Turkey” At Home and Abroad
- The Crisis of Sovereignty, Ruptured Domination, and the Kurdish Quest for Democratic Self-Government in Syria
- After Gaddafi: Libya’s Path to Collapse
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter provides a reading of the economic history of Syria before the 2011 uprising with a specific focus on the investment practices that had intensified inequality and the objective undercurrents for the war in Syria. In tackling this issue, the chapter adopts a political-economic approach, which relies on unraveling the history of class formation and the way that resources within the country were managed after Syria’s independence. It concludes that the particular social class responsible for investment, the principal facet of resource allocation in a developing country, was plagued with short-sighted avarice that progressively deprived and immiserated the Syrian working population.
National University of Singapore’s Middle East Institute
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.