- Fascism in the Middle East and North Africa
- The Yemeni Uprising: A Product of Twenty Years of Grassroots Mobilization
- The “New Turkey” At Home and Abroad
- Fiscal Crisis and Structural Change in the Late Ottoman Economy
- The Arab Uprisings of 2011 in Historical Perspective
- Political Movements in Bahrain Across the Long Twentieth Century (1900–2015)
- After Gaddafi: Libya’s Path to Collapse
- Syria’s Economic History: Bumpy Road from Economic Nationalism to Neoliberalism
- Toward New Approaches to the Anthropology of Islamic Movements: Women’s Islamic Activism and the Question of Subjectivity
- Capital, Labor, and State: Rethinking the Political Economy of Oil in the Gulf
- Kemalism and Beyond
- Counterterrorism and Counterinsurgency in the Neoliberal Age
- Arab Youth: Disruptive Generation of the Twenty-first Century?
- The Emergence of Nationalism
- Sextarianism: Notes on Studying the Lebanese State
- The Levant Mandates
- Dodging the Peril of Peace: Israel and the Arabs in the Aftermath of the June 1967 War
- The First World War and its Legacy in the Middle East
- Before the Spring: Shifting Patterns of Protest in Rural Egypt
- Cascading Liberation and Renewal—Tunisia in History
- Reliving Tragedies as Historical Reawakenings: Modern Iran and Its Revolutions
- A War over the People: The Algerian War of Independence, 1954–1962
- Constitutional Revolutions and State Formations in Comparison: Iran and Turkey
- Contemporary Israel/Palestine
- The Crisis of Sovereignty, Ruptured Domination, and the Kurdish Quest for Democratic Self-Government in Syria
- The Matter of Sectarianism
- Environmental History of the Middle East and North Africa
- The Fragmentation of Gender in Post-Invasion Iraq
- W(h)ither Arabian Peninsula Studies?
Abstract and Keywords
The history of both modern Turkey and modern Iran have often been told through their founding figures, Atatürk and Reza Shah, whose state-building projects are often assumed to have been similar. This chapter compares the Young Turk Revolution in the Ottoman Empire of 1908 with the Constitutional Revolution in Iran in 1906 to point to both similarities and differences in the trajectories of these two countries in the earlytwentieth century. Both revolutions, it is argued, were foundational moments for the political development and processes of each country and are key to understanding the context in which Atatürk and Reza Shah emerged.
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