- Environmental History of the Middle East and North Africa
- Fiscal Crisis and Structural Change in the Late Ottoman Economy
- Foundations of Religious Reform (Islah) and Cultural Revival (Nahda)
- Constitutional Revolutions and State Formations in Comparison: Iran and Turkey
- The First World War and its Legacy in the Middle East
- The Levant Mandates
- The Emergence of Nationalism
- The Matter of Sectarianism
- Kemalism and Beyond
- Fascism in the Middle East and North Africa
- Communism in the Middle East and North Africa: From Comintern Parties to Marxist-Leninist Movements
- A War over the People: The Algerian War of Independence, 1954–1962
- Dodging the Peril of Peace: Israel and the Arabs in the Aftermath of the June 1967 War
- Reliving Tragedies as Historical Reawakenings: Modern Iran and Its Revolutions
- Capital, Labor, and State: Rethinking the Political Economy of Oil in the Gulf
- Media as Method in the Age of Revolution: The Rise of Neoliberal Authoritarianism
- Counterterrorism and Counterinsurgency in the Neoliberal Age
- W(h)ither Arabian Peninsula Studies?
- Syria’s Economic History: Bumpy Road from Economic Nationalism to Neoliberalism
- The Fragmentation of Gender in Post-Invasion Iraq
- Sextarianism: Notes on Studying the Lebanese State
- Contemporary Israel/Palestine
- Toward New Approaches to the Anthropology of Islamic Movements: Women’s Islamic Activism and the Question of Subjectivity
- The Arab Uprisings of 2011 in Historical Perspective
- Political Movements in Bahrain Across the Long Twentieth Century (1900–2015)
- Before the Spring: Shifting Patterns of Protest in Rural Egypt
- Cascading Liberation and Renewal—Tunisia in History
- Arab Youth: Disruptive Generation of the Twenty-first Century?
- The Yemeni Uprising: A Product of Twenty Years of Grassroots Mobilization
- The “New Turkey” At Home and Abroad
- The Crisis of Sovereignty, Ruptured Domination, and the Kurdish Quest for Democratic Self-Government in Syria
- After Gaddafi: Libya’s Path to Collapse
Abstract and Keywords
The history of both modern Turkey and modern Iran have often been told through their founding figures, Atatürk and Reza Shah, whose state-building projects are often assumed to have been similar. This chapter compares the Young Turk Revolution in the Ottoman Empire of 1908 with the Constitutional Revolution in Iran in 1906 to point to both similarities and differences in the trajectories of these two countries in the earlytwentieth century. Both revolutions, it is argued, were foundational moments for the political development and processes of each country and are key to understanding the context in which Atatürk and Reza Shah emerged.
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