- Environmental History of the Middle East and North Africa
- Fiscal Crisis and Structural Change in the Late Ottoman Economy
- Foundations of Religious Reform (Islah) and Cultural Revival (Nahda)
- Constitutional Revolutions and State Formations in Comparison: Iran and Turkey
- The First World War and its Legacy in the Middle East
- The Levant Mandates
- The Emergence of Nationalism
- The Matter of Sectarianism
- Kemalism and Beyond
- Fascism in the Middle East and North Africa
- Communism in the Middle East and North Africa: From Comintern Parties to Marxist-Leninist Movements
- A War over the People: The Algerian War of Independence, 1954–1962
- Dodging the Peril of Peace: Israel and the Arabs in the Aftermath of the June 1967 War
- Reliving Tragedies as Historical Reawakenings: Modern Iran and Its Revolutions
- Capital, Labor, and State: Rethinking the Political Economy of Oil in the Gulf
- Media as Method in the Age of Revolution: The Rise of Neoliberal Authoritarianism
- Counterterrorism and Counterinsurgency in the Neoliberal Age
- W(h)ither Arabian Peninsula Studies?
- Syria’s Economic History: Bumpy Road from Economic Nationalism to Neoliberalism
- The Fragmentation of Gender in Post-Invasion Iraq
- Sextarianism: Notes on Studying the Lebanese State
- Contemporary Israel/Palestine
- Toward New Approaches to the Anthropology of Islamic Movements: Women’s Islamic Activism and the Question of Subjectivity
- The Arab Uprisings of 2011 in Historical Perspective
- Political Movements in Bahrain Across the Long Twentieth Century (1900–2015)
- Before the Spring: Shifting Patterns of Protest in Rural Egypt
- Cascading Liberation and Renewal—Tunisia in History
- Arab Youth: Disruptive Generation of the Twenty-first Century?
- The Yemeni Uprising: A Product of Twenty Years of Grassroots Mobilization
- The “New Turkey” At Home and Abroad
- The Crisis of Sovereignty, Ruptured Domination, and the Kurdish Quest for Democratic Self-Government in Syria
- After Gaddafi: Libya’s Path to Collapse
Abstract and Keywords
With the widening rift between secular and religious groups in Muslim majority countries, “Islamism” continues to be reified as a separate entity from “secularism,” thus uprooting it from its historical and sociopolitical context. This chapter critically examines these binarizing discourses to propose an interdisciplinary approach that situates Islamic movements within broader discussions of social power structures that frame the discursive contentious divide between the secular and the religious. Taking ethnographic data from an Islamic women’s reform movement in Egypt as a starting point, this chapter argues that the reification of the so-called “religious subject” as the opposite of the “secular other” in literature in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is distortive. Unquestioned notions of individual subjectivity can be misleading in analysis of Islamic movements and impact how we understand political and social transformations in post revolutionary Arab Muslim-majority societies.
Department of Women's Studies, University of California, Riverside
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