Abstract and Keywords
The role of the president in Italian politics has undergone significant changes since the end of the first phase of the Republic in 1992. Previously, presidents tended to have limited involvement in politics, playing a largely ceremonial role despite possessing wide-ranging powers. The collapse of the post-war party system and the weakness of the new parties have allowed and encouraged the presidents to make fuller use of their constitutional powers. They have taken up a far more active role in ensuring the functioning of the political system, in particular by really choosing the prime ministers and favoring the formation of parliamentary majorities. These traits have become even more marked in Giorgio Napolitano’s two mandates characterized by his active and incisive institutional and political role.
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