Abstract and Keywords
From the post-war labor movement to the global justice movement in the 2000s, Italy has a long history of protests. This chapter analyses the growth and activities of social movements, starting with the widespread protest movement of the 1960s and the following radicalization of small fringe groups while the broader movement subsided. After a lull in the late 1970s, the 1980s and 1990s saw the growth of new social movements such as the peace movement, environmental associations and women’s organizations. These groups privileged moderate forms of protest and were loosely organized. They had pragmatic relations with the political system, mixing protests with forms of lobbying and participation in policymaking processes. In the 2000s, new social movements developed in reaction to neoliberalism and the dismantlement of the welfare state. Moves of left wing parties towards the political center have led to a renewed tension towards between social movements and politics.
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