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date: 19 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Family organization has undergone profound transformation since the 1960s. These changes were reflected by the reform of the family code and the introduction of divorce, contraception and abortion the 1970s. However, after the reforms of the 1970s, the law has not kept up with changes in family organization and social patterns. Divorce remains a lengthy procedure, abortion remains difficult, and non-traditional family arrangements struggle to gain legal recognition. Families remain extremely important in welfare provision, acting as welfare providers both towards the young who are unable to find jobs and towards the elderly who do not have access to state care structures. Assumptions over the family’s role as main welfare provider also reinforce the tendency toward late marriage, the low birth rate and low female participation in the workforce. The impact of the economic crisis and continuing changes in family organization mean these traditional assumptions may soon be tested.

Keywords: family, welfare, civil law, civil rights, divorce, marriage, contraception, abortion

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