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date: 15 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The Catholic right was made up of groups within the DC and in the ecclesiastical hierarchy. During the early years of the Republic it was highly critical of De Gasperi as too soft on Communism and not responsive to the Vatican’s wishes. Moreover, some sections of the Right did not easily accept democratic government, and rejected the social and institutional progressivism embodied by De Gasperi. Rightists sought to push the Christian Democracy (DC) toward alliance with the monarchists and neo-fascist in order to oppose the Communists, and attempted to present an ultraconservative list to contest the 1952 municipal elections in Rome. Pressure to push the DC right continued well after De Gasperi’s death. The fear of secession and the formation of a new party on the right were engrained in the DC’s leadership, and did not disappear until the party’s “opening to the left” under Moro’s leadership.

Keywords: Alcide de Gasperi, Christian Democracy (DC), Aldo Moro, Vatican, Communism

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