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date: 22 November 2019

(p. 693) Index

(p. 693) Index

Note: tables, figures, and boxes are indicated by an italic t, f, and b following the page/paragraph number.

A400M strategic aircraft program 642
Aarlberg, T. 404
Aarts, K. 402
absolutism, and Louis XIV 47–8
Académie des sciences morales et politiques [link]
Achin, C. 473, 570
Achterberg, P. 341–2
Act Up network 336
Action Catholique Générale Féminine (ACGF) 469–70
actor-network theory 545
and production of law 261
administrative law 54
Afghanistan war 646
Agence Française de Développement (AFD) 663–4, 667, 668, 669
Agence Nationale de Recherche (ANR) 447
Agency for International Development 201
Aglietta, M. 618
Agrikoliansky, E. 336
Agulhon, M. 337
aid and overseas development assistance (ODA) 9, 654–69
Agence Française de Développement (AFD) 663–4, 667, 668, 669
agenda-setting case 666–7
“alternative” revenue streams 667–8
Boolean technique 657
Carbon Emission Estimator Tool 664
“champions” research focus 667
comparative literature problems 655–6
comparative perspectives on French ODA 658–62
comparative perspectives on Northern aid 656–8
comparative research agenda 665–8
“concepts” research focus 667
contextual research focus 667
cultural diffusion problems 656
delivery mechanisms and processes 656–7, 659, 663–4
and “democratic governance” 661, 665
Development Assistance Committee 654, 664, 666, 668
“deviant” donor behaviour 666
drivers behind French 660
effectiveness of French 659–60
evaluation procedures, France 664
F3E unit 664
France as an agenda-setting donor 662–5
French parliamentary reports 660
Galton problem 656
as “global public goods” 663, 667
idealist paradigms 657
innovative financing schemes 663
“institutional pessimists” 657–8
“mainstreaming” process 662, 666
Northern aid effectiveness 657
Northern bilateral assistance, and self-interest 657
“post-development” position 658
poverty-reduction and 661, 665
prototypical donors 655
purpose of French ODA 661
purpose of ODA 657–8
qualitative and quantitative distinctions 655
radical right theorists 658
ranking systems of ODA 659, 660
“soft” vs. “hard” evaluations 668
and structural theorists 658
UN aid targets and France 661–2
variable-oriented comparative analyses of French 656, 660–1
(p. 694) Air France 57
Albert, M. 618
Alford’s index 361
Algeria 91
Algerian Muslims, and citizenship 91
Algerian war 183
Allison, G. 638
Allocation parentale d’éducation (APE) 565
Allocation unique dégressive (AUD) 63
Almond, G. 332, 337, 680
Alsace regional councils 293
Althusser, L. 441
Amable, B. 520
American Revolution, and liberty of the individual 19
Amey, P. 403
Ancien Régime 33
ad hoc courts 29–30
Anderson, B. 447, 484, 500 n.15
Antichan, S. 496
antiglobalization movement 155–6, 447, 451, 622
anti-nuclear movement 443, 541
Antoine, Serge 542
Argenson, Marquis d’ 49
Aristotle 394
Armstrong, J. 94
Aron, R. 589, 591, 637
Association Internationale de Science Politique (AISP) 679
Association française de science politique (AFSP) 5, 206, 681
Association pour la Taxation des Transactions financières et pour l’Action Citoyenne (ATTAC) 158, 336
Auclert, Hubertine 461
Aulard, Alphonse 17
Auriol, Vincent 239 n.7
austerity programs 616, 627
Autonomous State (El Estado de las Autonomias), Spain 285
Avanza, M. 494
Bachelot, C. 384
Badinter, R. 234
Bagayoko, N. 644
Bagehot, W. 178, 201
Balandier, G. 400
Balladur, Édouard 67, 402, 595
Balladur government 63, 622
Banaszak, L. A. 466, 471, 560
Bang, H. 338
banking system, French 159–60, 160–1
Banque de France 57, 160, 163, 520
Barker, Ernest 50
Barone, S. 291
Barre, Raymond 402
Bartels, L. 341
Barth, Fredrik 83
Barthes, R. 383
Basque language 293
Basque movement 293
Baumgartner, F. 188, 403, 425, 426
Bayart, J.-F. 487, 496
Bayrou, François 357
BCG consultants 255
Beaman, J. 91
Becker, H. 332
Beckwith, K. 462
Bélanger, É. 365
Belgium, identity markers 286
Bellina, S. 665
Belot, C. 489
Benedict, R. 330
Benziane, S. 475
Bereni, L. 450, 568, 571, 573
Berger, P. 395, 452
Berger, S. 18
Berjaud, C. 401
Berlin Wall, fall of 595
Berrebi-Hoffmann, I. 255
Berthélemey, J.-C. 661
Berthélemy, Henry 52
Bertrand, R. 487
Besson, Eric 492
Bevir, M. 110
Bezes, P. 255, 257, 266
Biland, E. 261
Billig, M. 483, 484, 485, 486, 487, 496, 497, 498, 499 n.1
Billordo, L. L. 191
Binderkrantz, A. 419
Birnbaum, P. 243, 253, 254
Bismarckian social protection system, Germany 60, 61, 65
Blackstone, W. 200
(p. 695) Blair, Tony 246, 614
Blanchard, S. 474, 571
Blau, P. M. 250
Blévis, L. 91
Block, F. 509, 615–16
Blondiaux, L. 338
Blumer, H. 332
Blumler, J. G. 395, 396, 403
Bodin, J. 46–7
Boëne, B. 642
Bois, P. 356
Bon, F. 383
bond market queue system in France 160
Boni, I. 474
Boniface, Pascal 641
Bonikowski, B. 486
Bonny, Y. 116
Boolean technique 657
Borraz, O. 113, 114–15, 116
Börzel, T. 133
Bossuet, Bishop 48
Bouckaert, G. 247
Boudet, H. S. 449
Bourdieu, P. 85, 243, 259, 261, 323, 333, 385, 390, 400, 449, 467, 681, 691 n.3
administrative elites 254
habitus concept 334, 335–6, 495
and national identity 494–5
representative and symbolic constructions 317, 323, 444, 494–5
sociology of local spaces 115
Bourdon, J. 402
Bourgeois, Léon 25
Bouvet, L. 491, 500 n.10
Boyer, R. 618
Bozo, F. 640
Braconnier, C. 339
Brand, W. 441
Braud, P. 445
Breton language 293
Bretton Woods agreement 514, 527
post- 518
“bricolage” concept 522
Brittany 112
regional governance 292
regional identities 294–5
Brodie, B. 637
Brouard, S. 86, 233, 321, 340, 364, 544
Brown, S. 656
Browne, S. 659
Brubaker, R. 81, 83, 484–5, 494, 495, 497, 498
Bruter, M. 486
Bryce, J. 374, 376, 378
Buchanan, J. 512
Burdeau, G. 54, 625
Bureaucratic Phenomenon, The (Crozier) 250–1
Burke, E. 310
Burnham, P. 516
burqa and niqab, laws outlawing 26, 236, 475–6
Buton, F. 262
Buzan, B. 638–9
Cador, P. 572
Caillé A. 93
Calhoun, C. 484–5, 489
Callon, M. 544
Camdessus, Michel 519–20, 525
Camilleri, C. 85
Campbell, A. 350, 396
Campbell, J. 521–2
Capdevielle, J. 364
Caramani, D. C. 376
Carbon Emissions Estimator Tool 664
Carcassonne, G. 234
Carey, J. M. 181, 315
Cartélec project 339
Cassen, R. 657
Castiglione, D. 14, 39
Catalonia separatism 287
Catholic Church 40, 46, 60
and women’s movements 469–70
Catholic Church Schism (1309–78) 46
Catholic schools, and republicanism 26
Catholicism, and laïcité 25–7, 88
Cautrès, B. 589
Cayrol, R. 394, 399
census:
1990 89
1999 89
census categories:
and “former nationality” 89
identity 89–90
and “immigrant identity” 89
(p. 696) Centre de recherches internationales (CERI) 667
Centre d’étude de la vie politique française (Cevipof) 488
surveys 357, 358–9, 363, 449
Chabrol, C. 397
Chaffee, S. H. 395
Chantebout, B. 640
Chapman, B. 50–1
Chardon, Henri 52
Charlie Hebdo terrorist attacks (2015) 40
Charlot, M. 397–8
Charpenel, M. 475
Charron, J. 403
Chateauraynaud, F. 405
Cheibub, J. A. 181, 182
Chérot, J.-Y. 204
Chesnais, F. 641
Chevallier, J. 252
Chevènement Act (1999) 114
Chicago School 85, 395, 440
Chiche, J. 341
Chinese immigrant groups 93
Chirac, Jacques 40, 55, 61, 187, 190, 360, 387, 402, 492, 595, 596
and the professionalization of the armed forces 642
Chlarson, K. 365
Christensen, T. 247
Chroniques électorales (Electoral Chronicles) 399
Cité nationale de l’histoire de l’immigration 492
citizenship:
and national identity 90–1, 493–4
and republicanism 24
Citizenship after the Nation State (CANS) project 294, 294t, 295
citoyens actifs/citoyens passifs division 23
CITREP study 314
Civil Rights movement, US 84, 442
“civil society organization” 135
Claasen, R. L. 402
Clerical Agency, France 250
Clinton, Bill 246, 614
coordinated market economies (CMEs) 609, 611, 612, 614, 619, 620, 621
hybridization 613
cohabitation 183–4, 188, 204, 316, 360
and economic voting 361
electoral reform to avoid 361–2
Cohen, B. 514–15
Cohen, E. 136, 339, 517, 641
Cohen, S. 640, 641
Cohen-Tanugi, L. 422
Colbert, Jean-Baptiste 48
Colbertism 4–5, 57
Cole, A. 294, 432
colonialism, and juridical categorization of “race” 91
Commissions de développement économique régional (CODER, 1964) 288
Committee of the Regions (CoR), EU 104
Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) 135, 592
Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP), EU 644
Commune (1871) 310
Communist parties in Europe 379
Communist party, France see Parti communiste français (PCF)
Comparative Agendas 206, 215 n.3
Comparative Candidate Survey 206, 215 n.3
Comparative Constitutions Project 227
comparative politics of France 10, 677–90
1890s–1960s 679
1960s–1980s 679–80
1980s–2000s 680–1
2000s– 681–2
asymmetric convergence 683–4, 684t
convergence and divergence, explaining 685–9
development of 678–82
divergence 684–5, 684t, 688–9
Europeanization and convergence 681, 687
explaining difference in convergence/divergence 687–9
factors of variation, convergence/divergence 685–6
“inside-out” approaches 678, 679, 680, 681, 682, 683, 685–6, 687, 690
international scholarship, US 680–1, 691 n.2
measuring convergence 682–5
“outside-in” approaches 678, 680, 685–6, 687, 690
theory-building convergence 682–3, 685
towards convergence 683, 683t
(p. 697) Comte, A. 333
“concours d’agrégation” for politics 680
Confédération Française Démocratique du Travail (CFDT) 63, 69
Confédération Générale du Travail (CGT) 75, 63, 69, 424
Congleton, R. D. 221
Congressional Government (Wilson) 178–9
conscription, ending in France 642–3
Conseil d’Etat 30, 231, 252, 253
Conseil National du Patronat Français (CNPF) 590
Consortium for Comparative Legislative Studies 201
Constitutional Council 23, 30, 39, 54, 227–32, 230f
appointing members 232–3
appointment of judges 224
comparisons with US Supreme Court 233
creation (1958) 220, 221
electoral periods 234
legal rigour and jurisprudence 234–5
as the ‘peuple corse’ 28–9, 33
politicization of 232–4
politicization of constitutional review 222, 223–5
and the principle of Laïcité (2013) 26
principles with constitutional value 230
public trust in 238
and republicanism 37
as ‘third legislative chamber’ 229–30
vetoes 220, 221, 223, 224, 228–30
veto politics and electoral theory 234
constitutional courts, European 222–4
constitutional law (2003), France 290
constitutional politics 8, 220–39
amending the Fifth Republic’s Constitution 187, 209, 213, 221–2, 225–7, 229, 239 n.2, 237–8
appointment of judges 224
attitudinal models 224
auto limitation effect of vetoes 234
burqa laws 26, 236, 475–6
concrete reviews and game theory literature 236–7
cooperative appointments 224
decolonization and constitutional change 227
enlargement of the initial process of review (1974) 228
European democracies and constitutional courts 222–4
EU integration and French constitutional review 227
frequency of review referrals 229f, 228–9
judicial decision making 223–5
judicialization patterns 236–7
judicialization of politics 222–3
judicialization of politics in France 227–32, 228 Fog. 11.1, 230f
legal approach model 225
legitimacy of constitutional review 237–8
National Assembly Law Committee 231
opposition-induced constructional politics 231
patterns of government control and constitutional amendments 235
politicization of constitutional review 222, 223–5, 232–5
professional appointments 224
representative appointments 224
research agenda 235–8
rigidity 234
rigidity indicators 226
rigidity theories 224, 226
sovereignty of courts 223
strategic approach to decision making 234
strategic behaviour model 225
vetoes 220, 221, 223, 224, 228–30
veto politics and electoral theory 234
Constitutional Treaty referendum (2005) 598
Constitutions:
1791 30–1, 220
1848 25, 31
1945 37
1946 229
(p. 698) Constitutions, Fifth Republic (1958) 15, 23, 30, 183, 187, 204, 214
article 6 55
article 16 183
article 38 187–8
articles 89-1 225
articles 89-3 226
articles 89-4 226
amendments 220, 225–7
amendments (1962) 239 n.2
amendments and reform (2008) 187, 209, 213, 221–2, 237–8
reforms (1974) 220–1
vote bloqué 187
contraception and abortion, legalization movements 470
Contribution Sociale Généralisée (CSG) 67, 69
Convention Against Discrimination at School (1980), UNESCO 35
Converse, P. 312, 329, 334, 350, 360, 396
Cooper, F. 81, 83, 494
corporate capitalism 608
Corsica regional councils 293
Costa, O. 321, 589
Cotteret, J.-M. 398
Coty, René 239 n.7
Coulomb-Gully, M. 399
Council of Europe Charter for Regional and Minority Languages (1992) 35
Council of State (1802) 51, 52
Cour de Cassation 231
Cour des Comptes 252, 256
Coutau-Bégarie, H. 643
Cox, A. 659
Crawford, G. 656
Cresson, Edith 318
Crozier, M. 112–13, 243, 244, 250–1, 252, 377, 544, 589
Cuban missile crisis 638
Cumming, G. 659
Curran, J. 404
Czech Republic, decentralization reforms 285
Daalder, H. 379
Dakowska, D. 140
Daloz, J.-P. 317
Dalton, R. 330, 430–1
d’Arcy, F. 314
Dargent, C. 294
Darras, E. 404
Davidson, N. 88
Davies, J. 107
Davis, A. K. 395
de Beauvoir, S. 468, 475
de Gaulle, General Charles 3, 28, 31, 33, 38, 53–4, 56, 183, 209, 227, 360, 361, 367, 398, 599, 645
defense and security legacy 639–41
and the EEC 592–3
de Gouges, O. 468
de la Serre, F. 589
Villepin, D. de 40, 188
Debré, Michel 29
Debré laws (1959) 26, 38
Decentralization Act (1982), France 285
decentralization policies and reforms (1980s) 113, 114, 134–5, 249, 282–3, 289–90, 361
and governance 291–3
and historical path dependency in France 288–91, 290t
interpretations (1982–92) 288–9
and territorial identities 293–5, 294t
Declaration of Human and Civil Rights (1789) 22, 23, 229
decolonization process 18
defense and security policy 9, 636–47
bureaucratic politics paradigm 638
conscription, ending 642–3
contemporary conflicts challenges to the Western “way of war” 646
contracting out of security functions 639
“culture of intelligence” 645–6
de Gaulle’s legacy 639–41
economists and think tank emergence in France 641, 644
“European defense” 643–4
Europeanization of French defense policy 644
Fifth Republic’s armaments policy 640–1
first Gulf War, and French failings 642
foreign policy analysis 637–8
historical studies of military doctrine 638
internal and external security dichotomy 639
(p. 699) interventionist policy 643
military sociology 637
multinational peace operations 639
new technology in armed forces 639
nuclear policy 637
parliamentary control of the armed forces 645
realist approaches 637, 642
research agenda 645–7
role of the military institution in modern society 646–7
sociologists and rationalism in strategic affairs 637
sociology influences 641–3, 645
strategy 643–4
studies review 636–9
terrorism 639
Defferre reforms 32, 290
Dehousse, R. 589
Delage, P. 472, 572
Délégation ministérielle pour l’armement (DMA) 640
Deleuze, G. 7
Della Sudda, M. 469
Delors, Jacques 104, 106, 594, 595, 599
Déloye, Y. 493, 494, 496, 498
democracy:
and pluralism of interests 33–4
and republicanism 40
and women’s representation 558
Denmark, varieties of capitalism 612
Denni, B. 333
Denters, B. 107, 108
departments 282, 289, 291
definition of 268 n.1
Derrida, J. 7
Detienne, M. 496
Deutsch, K. 283
Deutschmark 593
Development Assistance Committee (OECD) 654, 664, 666, 668
Dicey, A. V. 220
Dieckhoff, A. 485, 487
Direction générale de l’armement (DGA) 640, 641, 642, 644
dirigisme model 152
economic governance 510, 517, 518, 519, 520, 527
and liberalization 161–3, 167
Dogan, M. 186
Dormagen, J. Y. 339
Dosquet, F. 399
Dosse, F. 686
Douillet, A.-C. 291
“Douste Blazy reform” (health insurance, 2004) 68, 71
Downs, A. 245, 353, 377, 378
Draghi, Mario 526
Dreyfus Affair 469
Druckman, J. N. 402, 404
dual nationality 93
Dubois, V. 262
Duchesne, S. 338, 483, 493, 685
Dufoix, S. 93
Duguit, L. 52, 184, 679
Duhamel. O. 184
Dumez, H. 136
Dunezat, X. 450
Dupeux, G. 329, 334, 367 n.1
Dupont-White, C. 51–2
Duran, P. 113, 117
Durkheim, E. 5, 52, 82, 122, 184, 250, 330, 333, 334, 440, 679
Duverger, M. 183, 185–6, 193, 357, 375, 376, 377, 379, 386, 388, 389, 390 n.3. 679, 680, 691 n.1
Duyvendak, J. W. 452
Dyson, K. 45, 510, 527
Dyson, S. B. 191
early retirement schemes (2000), France 70
Easterly, W. 658, 660
Easton, D. 334
eco-citizenship 549
École libres des sciences politiques (ELSP) 5
Ecole nationale d’administration (ENA) 50, 253
Ecole Polytechnique 50
Ecology Ministry, France 541, 542
ecology movements 535, 541, 542
economic crises, transmission across borders 154
(p. 700) economic globalization, and the conception of space 286
economic policy 9, 509–28
AAA bond rating 526
balance-of-payments problem 518
“bricolage” concept 522
capital controls 514
capital mobility hypothesis 514–15, 516
crisis of 1983, responses to 519
depoliticization of (1990s) 516
dirigiste economic governance 510, 517, 518, 519, 520, 527
étatiste tradition 517
EU Economic Partnership Programs (EPPs) 525
EU Fiscal Compact 525, 526
EU Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) 523, 525
eurozone fiscal rectitude 525–7
“freer markets, more rules” focus 515, 516
French policy 516–21
French policy and post-dirigisme 521–7, 528
global financial crisis (GFC) 521, 526, 607
Guidance Law and Public Finance Control 524
institutions, interests and ideas 510–16
international capital mobility 514–16
Keynesian demand management 513, 514
liberalization and deregulation 515, 516
loi organique relative aux lois des finances (LOLF) 256, 524
Maastricht convergence criteria 63, 524
“Mitterrand Experiment” 518
neo-liberalism shift 515–16, 519–20
ordo-liberal ideological agenda 519, 524, 528
privatization program (mid 1980s) 520
policy ideas and policy paradigms 513–14
public choice 512–13, 516, 519, 523, 524
public policy instruments 519
redistributive policies 515
rules-based competitive market order 523–5, 528
state-market relations 509–10, 515–16
“three ‘I’s” 510, 521
“time-inconsistency” thesis 512
“translation” concept 522
Trente Glorieuses (1950–1980) 517–18
Edwards, G. C. 180, 404
egalitarianism 24
Eisenhower, Dwight D. 351, 637
Eisenstein, H. 465, 466
elections in France 349–67
“anchor variables” 354–5, 356, 358
candidates’ image 366
class vote in France 353, 357
ecological analysis 356–7
economic voting 353–4, 360
economic voting in France 361
election campaigns research in France 363
electoral behaviour studies in France 356–66
electoral behaviour studies post-1960 352–6
electoral rules changes 361–2
étoffe d’un président 359
“funnel of causality” 351, 355
further research agenda in France 362–6
ideological orientation 352–3
ideological orientation in France 357, 358
ideology 364–5
ideology in France 359
immigrants and their descendants’ electoral behaviour 364
immigration issues 360
“issue ownership” 354, 366
issue salience and vote choice 359
issues 367
issues in France 360
leader image 353, 354, 367
leader image in France 360
long-term variables 350–1, 353, 355, 396
long-term variables research in France 357–8, 363–5
Michigan model of electoral behaviour 312, 349, 350–6, 359, 358, 359, 365, 367, 398
models of voter behaviour 350–6
municipal elections 362
party identification 364–5
party identification as socio-psychological variable 350
party identification in France 357, 359–60
party identification in non-US contexts 352–3
“party-centered era”/”candidate-centered era” move 353
“patrimony effect” 350, 358, 364
(p. 701) perspectives of foreign political science on France 359–60
political science perspectives on elections in France 356–9
regional variables 363
short-term factors/variables 350, 351, 353, 358–9, 396
short-term variables research in France 361, 365–6
spatial and geographical analysis 356
spatial theory of voting 353
turning points of French political life 361–2
valence issues 353, 355–6
valence issues in France 360, 366
Elgie, R. 257
Elias, N. 448, 493, 495, 497
elites 31, 32, 33, 38, 50, 186, 189, 428, 484, 522, 622, 623, 624, 645
administrative/bureaucratic 163, 250, 253–4, 257–9, 519
local/regional 32, 291–2
political 21–2, 36, 186, 321, 429, 498, 513, 516, 612
Elkins, Z. 220, 222, 227
Ellul, J. 397
European Monetary Union (EMU) 595
énarques 186
Energy Transition round table 659
Engeli, I. 572
Engels, F. 440
English Constitution, The (Bagehot) 178
English-language invasion 35
Entman, R. 402
Environment Ministry history committee 550
environmental and energy policy 9, 535–50
actor-centered approaches to public policy 545
administrative reforms in France 548
agenda for future research 547–9
brief summary of the background context in France 541–2
challenges for comparative research 536–40
collective action and cooperation 539
comparative policy research 538
cross-national and -sectoral variations in policy 539–40
cross-sectoral comparative research 548
development of environmental mobilizations 536–7
development of theoretical literature 538–40
and eco-citizenship 549
ecological modernization 537
Ecology Ministry, France 541, 542
environmental activism and political research 548–9
environmental activists alliance with Socialist party in France 541
environmental protection legislation 541–2
European Court of Human Justice 546–7
European integration 546–7
European Union comparative studies 546–7
failed institutionalization 543–6
France as deviant case 543
green issues and mainstreaming political parties 543
Green Party creation 541
institutionalization/de-institutionalization 539
lobbying and consultation 543
management of ecological resources 537
nature conservation 537
and NGOs 542
non-state actor role in policy developments 539
as outlier case in comparative political research 546–7
as a policy area worthy of study 537–8
public goods and natural resources 536–7
research as an output of French environmentalism 542–3
research in France 540–7
sustainable consumption 549
sustainable development agenda 537
transnational policy dynamics 539
Environmental Ministry, France 547
Epstein, R. 292–3
equality, and republicanism 20, 22, 23, 39–40 see also gender equality
Erikson, Erik 82–3
Erikson, R. S. 403
Escafré-Dublet, A. 90
Escobar, A, 658
(p. 702) Esping-Anderson:
gender-blind analysis 565
taxonomy of welfare states 559
Estates General 48, 49
État d’urgence 40
Ethnic Minority British Election Survey (EMBES) 340
ethnic/racial minorities, and republicanism 24, 34–5
Etien, R. 235
European Economic Community (EEC) 599
institutional reform and Mitterrand 595
negotiations 592
Eulau, H. 199
Euratom 591
EURelite 206, 215 n.3
Eurobarometer 329, 338
Eurobonds 165, 626
European Central Bank (ECB) 57, 523
quantitative easing 165
European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) 590–1, 592
European Commission 104
and French pension reforms (2010/2013) 73, 74
regional policy design 287
European Council, establishment of 54
European Court of Justice (ECJ) 133, 136
and EEP in France 546–7
European Defense Community (EDC) 590–1, 592
European Economic Community (EEC) treaty (1957) 590
European Framework programme 214
European integration and France 9, 523, 585–602
comparative studies 588, 596–7
construction phase (1945–70) 590–3
EEC institutional reform and Mitterrand 595
environmental and energy policy 546–7
Europeanization phase (2000–) 596–9
evidence and arguments about the relationship 590–9
extension phase (1970–2000) 593–6
France fit/misfit theorems 588
French-based perspectives 588–90
and French electoral politics 598
French statist attitudes to Europeanization 597
“functional spillover” mechanisms 586, 587, 591
future research 600–1
ideational arguments 594–5, 601
institutionalist arguments 594–5, 601
institutionalist theorizing 598–9
intergovernmentalist arguments 593
IR-focused scholarship 600–1
liberal intergovernmentalism (LI) 587, 589, 591, 592, 599
and multi-level governance theory 102
and national identity 488–9
“neo-functionalism” 586–7, 589, 591, 592, 593, 594, 599
“political sociology” approach 589–90
“political spillover” mechanisms 586–7, 591
single currency and EMU debate 594, 595–6
and territorial politics 287–8
theoretical approaches 586–6
theoretical impact and future potential of the French case 599–601
European Islam 94
European Monetary System (EMS) 160, 167, 518, 593, 594, 617
European Monetary Union (EMU) 57, 520
European Parliament 593
European regions identity scale 294t
European Research Council 214
European Social Survey (ESS) 329, 332
European Stability Mechanism 165
European Union (EU) 55, 95
citizenship and identity 338
Economic Partnership Programs (EPPs) 525
enlargement 596
Fiscal Compact 525, 526
integration and EEP in France 546–7
integration and French Constitutional review 227
Monetary Union 57, 520
and multi-level governance studies 103–10
multi-level rule-making 4
single market (1992) 63, 589, 594
(p. 703) Single European Act (1968) 129, 134, 135, 136, 160, 523
sovereign debt crisis 4, 143, 156–7, 158, 164–6, 616, 626
Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) 523, 525
Structural Funds policy 104, 111, 287
European Values Studies 329, 489
Europeanization of legislatures (OPAL project) 207, 215 n.4
Europeanization of public policy in France 8, 128–45
actors “choosing” and “learning” 142
circular Europeanization definition 130–1
cognitive usage 139–40
compliance and non-compliance with EU law 132–3
conceptual framework 129–33
downloading/uploading definition 130
emancipation of French research 138–9
European integration as a factor of domestic change 134–7
European political agenda emergence 136
“Europeanization without Europe” 138
France as deviant case 129
forms of adaptation 131–2
gender policies 138
immigration control 137
importing comparative research questions 137–8
inertia and stalemate 133
infringement procedures, EU Commission 133
instruments of resistance 142–4, 145
interest groups 137–8
legitimization usage 140
longitudinal process-tracing 139
“misfit”/”mismatch” hypothesis 133
non-compliance studies 133, 141
policy transfer 131, 140–1
qualitative research methods 128
resistance to European public policy 141–4
“sectorial corporatism” 135
strategic usage 139
usages concept 142
using European integration strategically 139–40
Euroskepticism 132, 142, 144
Eurozone debt crisis 4, 143, 156–7, 158, 616, 626
and the preferences of French policymakers 164–6
Evangelista, M. 638
Evans, P. 509
Evian anti-G8 protests (2003) 451
exchange rate mechanism (ERM), European 154
executive politics 8, 177–93, 209
“behavioural” political science 185
coalition formation 181
coalitional presidentialism 182
“cohabitation” (1986) 183–4
comparative studies 185, 188, 189, 192
“de-election” rate 190–1
economic voting 190
elite training and trajectories 186–7
énarques 186
executive-legislative relations studies 188–9
in France 183–8
future research 189–92
general theories on the French case 189–90
government collapse and survival 182
guillotine procedures 188
historical institutionalism 181
“new” institutionalism 179
“old” institutionalist tradition 178–9
performative accounts of political leaders 192
political psychology approaches 180–1, 191
political science in France 185
political sociology approaches 185, 189
presidential term reduction (2005) 184
president-parliamentarism 181
psychobiographical accounts 180, 181
public law and “administrative science” approaches 184, 186, 189
“quality of democracy” studies 190
rational choice institutionalism 179–80, 180, 181
semi-presidentialism 181, 185, 315–16, 212, 235
strategic analysis of institutions research 184–5
studies outside France 178–82, 192
Eymeri-Douzans, J.-M. 261
(p. 704) Falkner, G. 133
Faure, A. 291, 338
Faure, Maurice 592
Favoreu, L. 227, 235
Favre, P. 444, 447
Fédération Nationale des Syndicats d'Exploitants Agricoles (FNSEA) 424
feminist comparative policy (FCP) 556–74, 575 n.1
democracy and women’s representation 558
emergence of approach and community (1980s to present) 557–9, 558t
equal employment legislation 566–7, 571
EU model of work-family reconciliation 565–6
field of women’s advocacy 568, 571, 573
future directions 572–4
gender-based republican universalism 568–9
gender-based violence 571–2
gendering welfare states 564–5
historical studies 565
innovation in studying implementation and impact 569–72
integrative feminist approach 557
international research networks 559
intersectionality concept 561, 573
new cross-cutting themes 561–2
new institutionalism 561–2
policy formation 567–9
policy outcome and impact 560
political representation 570–1
problem definition focus 560
quota politics 561
research streams and cross-cutting themes 559–61
state feminism 465, 560–1, 566–7, 573
supra-/subnational levels 567
women’s movement, and policy 560, 561
women’s policy agencies (WPAs) 560–1, 566, 573
women’s rights policy in France 566
work-family reconciliation policies 565
FEMCIT 558t, 561
Feminism and Institutionalism International Network (FIIN) 561–2
“femocrats” 465–6, 560
Ferry, Jules 88
Ferry laws (1881 and 1882) 35
field of women’s advocacy 568, 571, 573
Fifth Republic 3, 14, 30, 39, 54, 186, 187, 239 n.3
armaments policy 640–1
and “cohabitation” 188
de Gaulle’s defense legacy 639–41
and environmentalism 543
and the majoritarian logic 320
and public administration 254
rationalized parliamentarianism 312
two-round elections 315
Fillieule, O. 336, 444
Fillon government 293
Fillon Reform (2003) 74
financial market integration, and national governments 154, 157
Fitoussi, J.-P. 520
Flahault, E. 472
Flanagan, S. 331
Fligstein, N. 452
Fondation pour la recherche stratégique think tank 641
Food Safety Agency (1999) 257
Force Ouvrière (FO) 63, 69, 75
foreign direct investment (FDI) 611
Foucault, M. 7
Fouilleux, E. 135
Fourth Republic 31
constitution 15
research into parliaments 203
structural instability 187, 334
Franc Zone, Africa 662, 665
France Nature Environnement | (FNE) 550
Franck, T. 341
Fraternity (Fraternité) and republicanism 25–7
French National Election Study (1995) 363
French Regulation School, and regional governance 292
(p. 705) French Revolution, and the establishment of the republic 22, 49–50
Freud, S. 180
Friedberg, E. 377, 544
Friedman, G. 333
Friedrich, C. J. 201
Frognier, A. P. 488
FrontlineSMS 434
Front National (FN), National Front 16, 36–7, 38, 82, 86, 320–1, 341, 357, 380, 382, 383, 491, 492, 627
anti-immigrant message 158–9
and globalization 151, 155
and political elites 186
Gaillard, Félix 592
Galerand, E. 450
Gallagher, M. 315
Gallagher index 315
Gallois, Pierre Marie 640
Gallot, F. 474
Gally, N. 261
Galton problem 656
game theory literature 236–7
Gans, Herbert 83
Garcia, G. 403
Garrett, G. 515
Gastil, J. 404
Gaullist party (UNR) 379
Gautier, Louis 642
Gaxie, D. 335–6, 399, 402
gay marriage controversy 24, 389
Geertz, C. 332
Gellner, E. 483–4
gender-based violence 472, 571–2
gender-blind values 558
gender equality 235, 450
gap in political participation 341
hierarchy challenges 461, 463
mainstreaming 475
parity campaign (1990s) 467
parity law (2000) 210
quotas within political parties 467
Gender Equality Policy in Practice Project (GEPP, 2013–20) 572, 573
gender policy studies (GPS) 9, 138, 556–74
context 562–3, 564
equal employment 571
equal employment legislation 566–7
EU model of work-family reconciliation 565–6
feminist policy formation 567–9
“field of women’s advocacy” 571, 568, 573
French innovation in studying implementation and impact 569–72
future directions 572–4
“gender-based republican universalism” 568–9
gender-based violence 571–2
gendering welfare states 564–6
historical studies 565
institutionalization 563
political representation 570–1
social context
state feminism 566–7
supra-/subnational levels 567
two-country studies of equality policies 563
women’s rights policy in France 566
work-family reconciliation policies 565
gender relations in political parties 382
gender studies and public administration 259–60
Genieys, W. 642, 145
Georgakaki, D. 590
German Constitutional Court 225, 230
politicization of judges 233
German constitutional system 179
Germany, varieties of capitalism 615
Gerstlé, J. 403
Gervais, J. 255, 259, 261
Gibson, J. L. 238
Ginsburg, T. 220, 222, 227
Girard, A. 367 n.1
Girondins [link]
Giscard d’Estaing, Valéry 30, 54, 55, 239 n.7, 317, 398, 401
and the European project 593–4
“glass ceilings” 260, 474
Glatzer, M. 686
global financial crisis (GFC) 521, 526, 607
transmission across borders 154
(p. 706) globalization 8, 151–67
Americanization 158
balance-of-payment crisis in France 165
bond market queue system in France 160
compensation hypothesis 155
deregulation of capital control in France 160
dirigisme state model and liberalization 161–3, 167
and the Eurozone debt crisis 156–7, 158
financial 514–16
financial market integration and national governments 154, 157
and France 157–63, 166
France and the European project 160
French banking system 159–60, 160–1
French lesson 164–6
gap between expectations and policy changes in France 161
“globaphobia” 156
gouvernance économique 165
Great Recession responses 157
hyperglobalists 153
industrial relations in France 163
institutional hybridization 162
interest rates in France 160
left-wing critics 156
“la mondialisation” 158
monetary policies, and national governments 154
monetary policy and regulation of the financial system in France 159–60, 160–1, 162–3
national anxieties about 158
open economy politics (OEP) approach, and the eurozone debt crisis 164–6
overview 152–7
patent and copyright violations 156
and political representation 313
poorer democracies 156
power of capital (money) over both labour (workers) and government 155
Les Républicains, and immigration issues 159
rigid labour markets 162
sceptical perspectives 153
social policy and the welfare state 154–5
sovereignty loss perceptions 151, 155, 158, 166, 167
transformational perspectives 153–4
transnational corporations 153
transnational organized criminal networks 153
varieties of capitalism perspective 162–3, 164, 625–6
wage stagnation 156
winners and losers 155, 157
Goffman, E. 332, 396
Goguel, F. 356
Goldsmith, M. 107
Goodin, R. 14, 16
Gore, Al 246
Gougou, F. 342
Gouldner, A. W. 250
Gournay, B. 252
Gournay, Vincent de 49
Governing the Economy (Hall) 511
Governments, Markets and Growth (Zysman) 511
Goyer, M. 686
Graber, Doris 396
Grand, Camille 641
Great Depression (1930s) 513
protectionist reactions 157
Great Recession (2008) 341, 342
and political representation 321–2
responses 157
Greece, Euro crisis 143, 626
Green parties, France 382, 541, 544
Greenstein, F. 334
Greffet, F. 403
Grémion, P. 113, 251, 252, 255, 289
Grenelle round table meetings 549
gross domestic product (GDP) 73
1975–95 62, 77 n.7
post 2008 crisis 71
Grossman, E. 427, 428, 589
group boundaries 84
Groupe d’etude et de recherche sur les mutations du militantisme (GERMM) 444–5, 449
Group for the Sociology of Organizations 251
Groupement d’Intérêt Scientifique pour l’Étude de la Mondialisation et du Développement (GEMDEV) 655, 663, 667
(p. 707) Grunberg, G. 335, 341
Guéant, Claude 88
Guinaudeau, I. 544
Guiraudon, V. 137, 589–90
Guizot, F. 49, 51
Gulf War (first), and French failings 642
Gurr, T. 440
Gurvitch, G. 184, 333
Gusfield, J. 449
Haas, E. 586, 590, 591, 600
Habermas, J. 406, 419
Hafner-Burton, E. 138
Halbwachs, M. 496
Hall, P. 511, 513, 518, 609, 613
Hall, S. 332
Haller, M. 485
Hallin, D. C. 403
Hamel, C. 490
Hansford, T. G. 225
Hardin, G. 536
Harguindefuy, J. 432
Harrigan, J. 661
Hassner, P. 636
Hastings, M. 381, 382
Hauriou, M. 5, 52, 184
Haut Conseil de la Coopération Internationale (HCCI) 663
Haut Conseil des Finances Publiques (HCFP) 525
Hayes, G. 429
Hayward, J. 18, 25, 39
Hazareesingh, S. 15
headscarf debate and protests 36, 87–8, 475–6
health care 64, 66, 77 n.2, 68, 71
cost containment policies (post 2004) 75
“payment-for-performance” system 75
health insurance, “Douste Blazy reform” (2004) 68, 71
Hébert, J.-P. 641
Heisbourg, François 641
Heoffler, C. 644
Herbst, S. 402
Herman, E. 472
High Authority for Audio- visual Communication 401
Higher Audiovisual Council 401
“High-tech Colbertism” 55
Hindmoor, A. 512
Hitler, Adolf 179
Hix, S. 315
Hobbes, T. 46, 178
Hobsbawm, E. 83, 484, 486
Hoffmann, S. 18, 158, 484, 499 n.3, 589, 679
Hoggart, R. 332
Holland, L. H. 638
Hollande, François 32, 36, 40, 55, 73, 74, 75, 165, 255, 258, 317, 361, 623, 627
territorial reforms 290
Hollande-Ayrault administration, and local business taxes 293
“hollowing out” of the state 109
Hönnige, C. 233
Hooghe, L. 287, 486
Hoover, R. A. 638
Howell, W. G. 404
Howorth, J. 640
Huber, J. 187–8
Hug, S. 376
Hughes, E. 332
Hungary, constitutional reform 143
Huntington, S. 637
Hyman, H. 334
identity, culture and politics 8, 81–96
“basic group identity” 83
census categories and identity 89–90
constructivist analysis 83
essentialist analysis 83
formation 83–4
globalization and transnational identities 92–5
identity-based mobilization 84–5
“identity boundaries” 91
identity formation in France 85–6
“identity politics” 81, 82, 84–5
Islam and the identity of the “Other” 87–9
national 90–1
politics of difference 86
second-generation immigrants 85–6, 90–1
and transnational identity 95
Imbeau, L. M. 659
(p. 708) immigrants:
and citizenship 35–6
and cultural processes 85
Indian groups 93
Islam, and the identity of the “Other” 87–9
and multiple identities 490
second-generation 85–6, 90–1
and welfare benefits 39
immigration:
and census categories 89
controls 137
and electoral behaviour 360
and globalization issues and national identity 155–6, 489–90, 492
Independent Administrative Authorities (AAI) 257
Independent Republican party 593
Indian immigrant groups 93
Industrial Monopoly 250
National Institute for Demographic Studies (INED) 340
infotainment 397, 403, 405
Inglehart, R. 330–1, 335
INSEE (the Census office) 340
“inside out”/“outside in” approaches defined 6–7
Institut d’études politiques de Paris [link]
Institut de recherches stratégiques de l’École militaire (IRSEM) 642, 667
Institut de relations internationales et stratégiques (IRIS) 641
Institut de stratégie comparé 643
Institut Emilie du Châtelet 573
Institut français des relations internationales (IFRI) 641
Institute for Environment (IFEN) 542
institutional hybridization 167
Intendants/prefects 50–1
interest groups 9, 417–34
alternative state-centric models in France 526
and bottom-up Europeanization 427–8
corporatism in France 425
corporatist accounts 421, 422
“domination-crisis” model 423
“endemic and open conflict” model 423
European-level 428–9, 430
Europeanization frameworks 137–8, 420–1
experience of individuals 431
French contribution of moving beyond state-centric models 426–8, 427t
“group-centric” approaches 428–34
historical understandings in France 422–3
“inside-out” approaches 418, 427, 428–30
insider/outsider dichotomy 419, 421
interchangeability with “pressure groups” 419
Jacobin concepts 422, 423
mainstream state-centric models, and France 424–6
Marxist/neo-Marxist approach 423
“meso-corporatist/neo-corporatism” viewpoint 421–2
models of French exceptionalism 423–4
models of interest group-state interaction 421–2
new group-centric framework 432–4, 433 Fog. 19.2
new social movements 419–20
“occupational groups” 420
“outside-in” 417, 421–2
pluralism in France 424–5
pluralist models 421, 422
“policy network theory” 426
political opportunity structures (POS) 419–20
political sociology 427
“promotional” groups 420
“protest model” 426, 427
resource mobilization theory (RMT) 419–20, 430, 431, 441
resources 430–2
single-issue groups 420
social movement theory 419–20
and social movements 418–19
social movements and interest group differentiation 419
state as multiple opportunities and constraints 428–30, 429f
student movement of 1968 420
umbrella organizations 431
“untidy reality” model 423, 432
inter-governmentalist theories 104
International Monetary Fund (IMF) 157, 523
International Relations Theory 539
(p. 709) International Social Science Program (ISSP) 329
Inter-parliamentary Union 201
Iraq war 646
Irondelle, B. 138, 642, 644
Isaacs, Harold R. 83
Islam 82
headscarf debate and protests 36, 87–8, 475–6
and the identity of the “Other” 87–9
laws outlawing burqa and niqab 26, 475–6, 236
and politics in France 340
“Islamophobia” 340, 492
Jabukowski, S. 642
Jacobin dictatorship (1793–4) 50
Jacobinism 288, 289, 422, 423
Jacobs, L. R. 404
Jacquemart, A. 469, 470–1
Jacquot, S. 142, 427, 428, 590
Jaffrelot, C. 487
Jan, P. 234, 238
Janowitz, M. 637
Japan 167
economic policymaking and political economy 511
Jasper, J. 452
Jayet, C. 489, 498
Jefferson, Thomas 220
Jennings, K. 334
Jeunemaître, A. 136
Jews 24
Joana, J. 642
Jobert, B. 519, 544
Johnson, C. 511
Jones, B. D. 403
Jospin, Lionel 55, 66, 114, 316, 360, 402, 520, 598, 659, 662
Juppé, Alain 63, 622
“Juppé Plan” (1995) 68, 73–4
Kaciaf, N. 403
Kastoryano, R. 94
Katz, R. 377, 387
Katzenstein, M. F. 465–6, 471
Katzenstein, P. 514, 608
Kaul, I. 663
Kauppi, N. 590
Kavanagh, O. 403
Keating, M. 284–5, 286
Kergoat, D. 450
Kerrouche, E. 321
Kettl, D. F. 247
Keynesian economic approaches 517, 519, 526
demand management 513, 514
use of social benefits 61–2
Kickert, W. 247
Kilby, C. 659
King, A. 187, 646
Kirchheimer, O. 377, 379
Kitschelt, H. 159, 441
Klapper, J. T. 396
Knack, S. 659, 660
Knapp, A. 423–4
Knill, C. 547
Kohl, Helmut 595, 596
Kohn, H. 484
Kolodziel, E. A. 640
Kolopp, S. 261
König, Thomas 133
Kriegel, A. 357, 382, 384
Kriesi, H. 429
Krotz, U. 644
Kuhn, R. 402–3
Kydland, F. 512
La Goutte d’eau campaign 432, 435 n.3
La Sept 401
Labouret, S. 342
Labroussian paradigm 442
Lacroix, J. 15
Ladrech, R. 130
Lægreid, P. 247
Laferté, G. 494
Lagrange, H. 342
Lakatos, I. 405
Lancaster, C. 659–60, 665
Lancelot, A. 333
Langrod, G. 252
language rights in France 432
languages, local, and republicanism 34–5
(p. 710) Languedoc-Roussillon regional governance 292
Laroque, Pierre 61
Lascoumes, P. 544
Laski, H. 50, 179
Lasswell, H. 330, 395, 637
Latour, B. 261
Lavabre, W.-C. 382, 364
Lavau, G. 357, 385, 386
law and society movement, US 450
Lazarsfeld, P. 396, 405
Le Bon, G. 440
Le Bras, H. 90
Le Foulgoc, A. 403
Le Galès, P. 113, 114–15, 116, 291, 292, 338–9
Le Grignou, B. 401
Le Pen, Jean-Marie 155, 320–1, 402, 492
Le Pen, Marine 38, 159, 321, 380, 492, 627
Leclercq, C. 385
Le Lidec, P. 265
Legavre, J.-B. 399–400
legislative politics 198–214
agenda for future study in France 8, 209–13
anthropological studies 206
appraisal of studies in France 204–6
“behaviourist” strand 200
“big data” 212
comparative studies 200–1
constitutionalist approaches 200
constructivist approach 201
data collection and processing 202
databases of MPs profiles and activities 211–12
Europeanization of legislatures 206
financial and budgetary aspects 212
French case in comparative research 206–9, 208t
fieldwork emphasis 207
functionalist approach 201
historical approach 200, 201, 205
institutional analyses 205
institutionalist approaches 200
methodological challenges 211–12
minority representation 213
MPs as elitist class 210
MPs expertise and constituency work 210–11
MPs turnover 210
national and “regional” MPs comparisons 213
neo-institutionalist approach 201
old and new politics 212–13
“open data” 212
“pragmatic revolt” 200
rational choice approach 201
“socio-history” studies 205
sociological approaches 207
sociological studies of MPs 205
software solutions 212
structural weakness of parliament 211, 215 n.2
structuralist/constructivist studies 204
studies in France 203–9
study of 199–203
subnational assemblies 213
summary of main research areas 203
Leifried, S. 296
Lemieux, C. 497
Lépinard, E. 475–6, 568
Lequesne, C. 136–7, 589
Leroux, P. 25, 403
Levi Strauss, C. 383
Levy, M. R. 396
Lewis, Oscar 342
Lewis-Beck, M. S. 360, 363, 365, 682
lesbian, gay, bi-sexual and transgender (LGBT) rights 573
liberal capitalism 608
liberal intergovernmentalism 587
liberal market economies (LMEs) 609, 611, 612, 614, 619, 620, 621
liberty and freedom, and republicanism 22–5, 39, 40
Lieber, M. 572
Liebert, U. 138
“Life Story” survey 85
Ligue des Femmes Françaises 469
Lijphart, A. 221
Lilleker, D. G. 403
Lindbloom, C. E. 545–6
Lipietz, A. 618
Lipset, S. M. 283, 375
Lipsky, M. 260
Lipstiz, K. 404
(p. 711) Lisbon Treaty (2007) 144, 213, 597
Lloyd, T. 660
Locke, John 178
Loi organique relative aux lois de finances (“LOLF”, 2001) 256, 524
Loriaux, M. 517
Lorrain, D. 113
Loschak, D. 252
Louis Napoleon 51
Louis XIII 47
Louis XIV 50
and state-building 47
Lovenduski, J. 572
Lowell, L. 200
Luckmann, T. 395
Lutz, D. S. 222
“Luxembourg Compromise” 599
Maarek, P. 399
Maastricht Treaty (1991) 104, 129, 134, 135, 136, 589, 593, 594, 626
convergence criteria 63, 524
ratification debate 595–6
Machiavelli, Niccolò 178
MAGEEQ 558t, 561
Magnette, P. 15
Mainwaring, S. 181
Mair, P. 377, 387, 598
Mancini, P. 403
Mangenot, M. 261
Manin, B. 314, 323, 404
Mansbridge, J. J. 310
March, J. 588
Marchand, P. 397
Marche des Beurs, la 491
Marks, G. 104, 287, 486
Martigny, V. 492, 496
Martin, D. C. 487
Martin, S. 207
Martinez-Gallardo, C. 187
Maruani, M. 450
Marx, K. 440
Masclet, C. 473–4
Maslow, A. 331
Maternité heureuse 470
Mathieu, B. 235
Mathieu, C. 524
Matonti, F. 570
Maur, A. 84
Mauroy, Pierre 61
Mawdsley, J. 644
May 1968 protests 163, 314, 319, 335, 420, 441, 446, 468
Mayer, N. 444, 487–8, 680, 682
Mazey, S. 138
Mazur, A. 467, 566, 567, 568, 572, 575 n.1
McAdam, D. 405, 441, 449, 452
McBride, D. 467
McCauley, D. 427, 428
McCombs, D. L. 396
McGann, A. J. 159
McKinly, R. D. 660
McKinsey consultants 255
McMenamin, I. 257
McNamara, Robert 658
McQuail, D. 396
Mead, M. 330
MEDEF employer’s interest group 425
Mediapart 492
Melton, J. 220, 222, 227
Melucci, A. 441, 443
Mény, Y. 135, 589
Mérand, F. 644
mercantilism 48–9
Mercier, A. 394
Merkel, Angela 525, 626
Merton, R. K. 244, 375
Meuret-Campfort, E. 474
Mexico, farmers/factory workers, and globalization 156
Meynaud, J. 333
Michel, L. 642
Michelat, G. 333–4, 488, 489
Michels, R. 374, 376, 378
Michigan model of electoral behaviour 349, 350–6, 359, 358, 359, 365, 367, 398
Michigan school 312
Mill, J. S. 51
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 658
Miller, W. E. 350, 396
Miller-Stokes theory of congruence 319
Mills, C. W. 637
Ministry for Public Works (Sustainable Development since 2007) 259
(p. 712) Ministry of Defense’s Delegation for Strategic Affairs 645, 641
Ministry of Immigration, Integration, National Identity, and Co-development 491
Ministry of Women’s Rights 468, 566
minority representation in the legislature 213
Mischi, J. 383
Mitrany, D. 586
Mitterrand, François 31, 32, 165, 183, 290, 359, 360, 361, 398, 401, 402, 596, 642, 680
and Catholic schools 26, 38
and the European project 593, 594–6, 599
new liberalizing policy 617, 680
and social conflicts 446, 468
“Mitterrand Experiment” 518
Modern Capitalism (Shonfield) 511
Mollet, Guy 592
“Monarchie de juillet” 183
monetary policy 617
and national governments 154
and regulation of the financial system in France 159–60, 160–1, 162–3
Monnet, Jean 55–6, 586, 591
“Monnet method” 586
Montchrétien, Antoine de 48
Montesquieu 5, 27, 200
Moravcsik, A. 587, 590, 591, 592, 594–5, 599, 600
Moreau, R. 398
Mossuz-Lavau, J. 340, 457, 563
Mouvement de libération des femmes (MLF) 468, 470
Mouvement français pour le planning familial (MFPF) 470, 472
Moyo, D. 658
Muller, P. 134–5, 136, 403, 544, 589
multiculturalism 24, 28
multi-level governance 8, 102–22
articulation between European, regional and urban studies 119–20
central-local relations, and local/regional governance 112–15
central state demise 113–14
cities/regions, and EU regional policies 112, 113
clarifying epistemological status of “governance” 118–19
constructivist political sociology approach 111
contextualizing the EU effect 110–12
criticisms of the framework 105–6
decentralization reforms 113
definition 102
differentiation logics 120–1
diversification and hybridization of governing practice 109
and EU policy 104–6
EU political space, emergence of 104–5
EU structural funds 111
erosion of national state sovereignty 105
in French political science 110–17
future of the study in France 117–21
gatekeeper roles 111
governance 116–17
governance criticism 117
governance framework, and analysis of policymaking and coordination 108–10
governance framework controversies 109–10
“hollowing out” of the state 109
in international political science 103–10
inter-municipal cooperation 114
inter-municipal revolution 114–15
local democracy 108
local/reginal governance, and the transformation of central-local relations 106–8
metropolitan authorities 114–15
multijurisdictional character of public problems 109
neo-functionalist arguments 104, 105
networks 109
policymaking and coordination 4, 108–12
notables 113
polycentralism and pluralization 109
public-private partnerships 107
regional and local actors, and the EU 105
urban politics studies 106–7
Mundell-Fleming model 154, 160, 167
municipal elections 362
murder of journalists (Paris, January 2015) 28
Muslim identity 94, 94, 96
mosques and republicanism 26
(p. 713) Muslim women:
and French feminists 475
working-class 561
MUTORG-ADMI research program 265
Nadeau, R. 360, 682
Napoleon Bonaparte:
coup d’état (1799) 31, 49–50
Concordat 26
state-building 50–1
Napoléon III 31
National Assembly Law Committee 231
National Committee for Communications and Freedoms (CNCL) 401
national economic planning 55–6
National Front see Front National (FN)
national identity in France 9, 483–99
agenda for the development of everyday nationhood studies 496–8
“banal nationalism” concept 486, 496, 497
challenges to laïcité 492
chauvinism/patriotism distinction 486
citizenship and 493–4
comparative surveys 489, 499 n.6
cultural vs. political understandings of nationhood 485–6
do nations matter? 484–5
ethnic/civic dichotomy 485–6
European integration and national identity 488–9
explaining the blind spot of French social scientists 493–6
French contributions to the study 487–91
habitus concept 495
identity checklist 490
immigration issues 489–90, 492
individual identity 493–4, 495
language issues 494
multiple identities of immigrants 490
National Front and nationalism 491
nationalism vs. cosmopolitanism debate 484–5
nations and national identity 483–7
Peasants into Frenchmen 487
perpetuation 486–7
political context of 491–2
pride in being French 489, 500 n.7
quantitative/qualitative research divide 490
self-identification 494–5
Western/Eastern nationalism dichotomy 485
“what it means to be French” debate 492
nationalization of banking and industries 53–4
NATO 639, 646
enlargement 644
France’s reintegration (2009) 644
French withdrawal from integrated command 640
nature conservation movement 541
Naudet, D. 661
Naudier, D. 473
Nazi occupation of France 37
Negretto, G. 221, 222
Négrier, E. 291
neo-functionalism 104, 105, 586–7
and European integration 586–7, 589, 591, 592, 593, 594, 599
neo-Keyensian economics 627
neo-liberal ideology 246,