- The Oxford Handbook of French Politics
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- Notes on Contributors
- A Framework for a Comparative Politics of France
- Republicanism: a transatlantic misunderstanding
- The State Imperative
- The French Welfare System
- Identity, Culture, and Politics: the other and the self in France
- The French Way to Multi-Level Governance: governance with government
- The Europeanization of Public Policy in France: actor-centered approaches
- Globalization: French ambivalence as a critical case
- Executive Politics in France: from leader to laggard?
- Legislative Politics: going international, while staying native
- Constitutional Politics: the French case and theory-building
- Challenges to French Public Administration: mapping the vitality of its knowledge sources
- Regional and Local Government: interpreting territorial politics
- Political Representation: bringing elections back in
- How to Study Political Culture Without Naming It
- Explaining French Elections: the need to meet in the middle
- Parties and Party Systems: making the French sociocultural approach matter
- Political Communication: from international institutionalization to national conquest of scientific legitimacy
- Interest Groups: moving beyond state-centric models
- The Study of Social Movements in France: the “French touch” and a comparative contribution
- Women’s Movements and Feminism: French political sociology meets a comparative feminist approach
- National Identity in France: a blind spot
- French Economic Policy: theory development and the three “I”s
- Environmental and Energy Policy in France: a critical case for comparative political research?
- Gender Policy Studies: distinct, but making the comparative connection
- France and the Evolution of European Integration: the exemplary and pivotal case for broader theories
- Varieties of Capitalism: a distinctly French model?
- Defense and Security Policy: beyond French exceptionalism
- French Aid Through the Comparative Looking Glass: a representative, deviant, or agenda-setting case?
- Toward a Comparative Politics of France
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines the profound changes that have taken place in the study of environmental and energy policy (EEP) in and about France. It explains why and how they constitute a challenge from a substantive and an analytic perspective, and, in the French context, it argues that EEP still holds an ambivalent position. This chapter develops two main arguments. First, the emergence of EEP study in the French context is closely related to this policy’s origins and long-held, strong relationships with the ecology movement. Second, EEP in France has long constituted a challenge for both comparative political research and for classic models about the functioning of the state and policymaking in France. This chapter concludes by challenging the idea that EEP in France is sufficiently specific to justify excluding it any longer from comparative political research agendas.
Keywords: environmental policy, energy policy, natural resources, environmentalism, nuclear energy, social movements, policy innovation, policy change, institutionalization, state–society relationships
Charlotte Halpern is Assistant Research Professor in Political Science at the Centre d’Études Européennes, Sciences Po in Paris. Her work on comparative policies and governance in the EU and on environmental and energy policy has been published in leading political science journals such as West European Politics, Comparative European Politics, Environment and Planning, and the Revue française de science politique. She is co-editing a volume on policy analysis in France (Policy Press).
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