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date: 06 March 2021

(p. xi) List of Abbreviations

(p. xi) List of Abbreviations

Different frameworks have different notational conventions, resulting in variation throughout the book. For example, ACC (accusative) can appear as Acc, acc, or acc. Such variation is not reflected in this list, unless it matters for the interpretation of the abbreviation. The list includes special meanings of abbreviations used in specific chapters (e.g. A used as subject of transitive verb in Chapter 11).

Abbreviation

Meaning

1

first person

1H

dominant hand in a sign

2

second person

2H

nondominant hand in a sign

3

third person

A

adjective

A

subject of transitive verb (Chapter 11)

a

adjectivizer (Chapter 8)/adjective categorizer (Chapter 9)

AAT

Aachener Aphasie Test

ABL

ablative

ABS

absolutive

ACC

accusative

ADIT

additive

ADJ

adjective

ADV

adverb

Af(f)

affix

AGR

agreement

AMR

allomorphic-morphological rule

ANDAT

andative

ANT

anterior

APPL

applicative

ASL

American Sign Language

AUX

auxiliary

AVM

attribute value matrix

BA

Brodmann area

BD

Berbice Dutch

BEN

benefactive

BRCT

Base Reduplicant Correspondence Theory

C

consonant (Chapters 3 and 17)

C

syllable coda (Chapter 29)

CAT

syntactic category

causative

CG

Cognitive Grammar

Ch

Chabacano

CI

Conceptual-Intentional

CL

noun class

CLG

“Course in General Linguistics” (de Saussure)

COCA

Corpus of Contemporary American English

COM

comitative

CON

consonant

COND

conditional

CONT

connective

CP

complementizer phrase

CS

computational system

CxG

Construction Grammar

CxM

Construction Morphology

D

determiner (Chapters 8 and 11)

DAT

dative

DC

class marker

DEF

definite

DES

designative

DET

determiner

DI

default inheritance

DIR

directional

DISC

discourse structure

DM

Distributed Morphology

DP

determiner phrase

DS

D-Structure

DTR

daughter

DU

dual

DYN

dynamic

EEG

electroencephalography

ELAN

Early Left Anterior Negativity

EPP

Extended Projection Principle

ERG

ergative

ERN

Error-Related Negativity

ERP

event-related potential

EXCL

exclusive

EXHORT

exhortative

EZ

ezafe

F

feminine

F-G

final grapheme

F-S

final stress

Fg

Fongbe

FIN

finite

fMRI

functional magnetic resonance imaging

focus

FRUSTR

frustrative

FSA

Finite State Automaton

FST

Finite State Transducer

FUT

future

FV

final vowel

G/B

Government and Binding Theory

GEN

genitive

GPSG

Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar

GTT

Generalized Template Theory

h

hapax legomenon

H

Haitian (Chapter 22)

Ha

Hawaiʿi Creole

HAB

habitual

HBL

habilitive

HPSG

Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar

IA

Item-and-Arrangement

IC

inflection(al) class

II

instantiation inheritance link

IM

metaphorical extension link

IND

indicative

INDEF

indefinite

INF

infinitive

INFRN

inferential

INS

instrumental

IO

indirect object

IP

Item-and-Process (Chapters 3, 5, and 13)

IP

inflection(al) phrase (Chapters 4, 9, 11, 26)

IP

polysemy link

IPFV

imperfective

IRR

irrealis

IS

subpart link

Jm

Jamaican

K

Kriyol

KP

Korlai Indo-Portuguese

Kv

Kabuverdianu

L1

first language

L2

second language

LAN

Left Anterior Negativity

LatPP

Latin past participle

LF

Logical Form

LFG

Lexical-Functional Grammar

LH

Lexicalist Hypothesis

LHS

left-hand side

LIFG

left inferior frontal gyrus

Lexeme-Morpheme Base Morphology

LNK

linking element

LOC

locative

LP

Lexical Phonology

LRM

Lexical Relatedness Morphology

M

masculine

MCAT

morphological category

MDL

Minimum Description Length

MDT

Morphological Doubling Theory

MEG

magneto-encephalography

MF

Morphological Structure

MHG

Middle High German

MNI

Montreal Neurological Institute

MOP

Morph Ordering Principle

MOR(PH)

morphological structure

MPR

Morphological-Phonological Rule

MS

Morphological Structure

MTG

middle temporal gyrus

MUD

morphology under discussion

MWE

multi-word expression

N

noun

n

nominalizer (Chapter 8)/noun categorizer (Chapter 9)

N

neuter (Chapters 14, 20, and 24)

N

syllable nucleus (Chapter 29)

NARR

narrative

ND

Neglect Dyslexia

NEG

negation

NIRS

Near-InfraRed Spectroscopy

NM

Natural Morphology

NOM

nominative

NP

noun phrase

NPST

nonpast

NUM

number

O

syllable onset (Chapter 29)

O

object (contrasting with A, Chapter 11)

OBJ

object

OBL

oblique

OED

Oxford English Dictionary

OHG

Old High German

OT

Optimality Theory

P

Portuguese (Chapter 22)

P-S

penultimate stress

P&P

Principles & Parameters Theory

PA

Parallel Architecture

PASS

passive/passive semantics (Chapter 22)

position class

PER(S)

person

PERF

perfective

PET

positron emission tomography

PF

Phonological Form (Chapters 8 and 9)

PF

Paradigm Function (Chapters 4, 14, and 22)

PFM

Paradigm Function Morphology

PH

Phonological Form (Chapter 11)

PHON

phonology/phonological structure

PIE

Proto-Indoeuropean

PL

plural

PNC

Productive Non-inflectional Concatenation

POSS

possessive

PP

past participle

Pp

Papiamentu

PP

prepositional phrase

PR

Phonological Rule

PRAG

pragmatic structure

PRED

predicate

PRES

present

PRESPART

present participle

PROG

progressive

PRS

present

PRV

preverb

PrWord

prosodic word

PSC

Paradigm-Structure Condition

PST

past

PTCL

particle

PTCP

participle

PTH

Prosodic Transfer Hypothesis

PWd

prosodic word

PX

possessive suffix

RDP

Recoverably Deletable Predicates

RED

reduplicant (Chapter 10)/reduplicative semantics (Chapter 22)

RFL

reflexive

RHR

Righthand Head Rule

RHS

right-hand side

RM

Relational Morphology

RR

realization rules

s

strong syllable

SBCG

Sign-Based Construction Grammar

SBJV

subjunctive

SDSP

System-Defining Structural Property

Sel

selection

SEM

semantics

singular

SLI

Specific Language Impairment

SM

sensorimotor

SMG

Standard Modern Greek

SML

similative

Sr

Early Sranan

SS

S-Structure

SSR

stem selection rules

SUBJ

subject

Suppl

suppletion

SYN

syntax

TAM

tense/aspect/mood

tDCS

transcranial Direct Current Stimulation

TERM

terminative

TETU

the emergence of the unmarked

TMA

tense/mood/aspect

TMS

transcranial magnetic stimulation

TNS

tense

TRANS

translative

TSOM

Temporal Self-Organizing Map

UBH

Unitary Base Hypothesis

UG

Universal Grammar

UOH

Unitary Output Hypothesis

V

verb

v

verbalizer (Chapter 8)/verb categorizer (Chapter 9)

V

vowel (Chapter 17)

Vce

voice

VD

vowel deletion

Vel-In

velar insertion

VI

Vocabulary Item

VOC

vocative

VP

verb phrase

VT

verbal theme

w

weak syllable

WFGG

“Word Formation in Generative Grammar” (Aronoff)

WFR

word formation rule

WG

Word Grammar

WP

Word and Paradigm

WS

Williams syndrome

XCOMP

complement clause