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date: 04 December 2020

Abstract and Keywords

At different times logical empiricists engaged one another in debates about the proper problems and methods for philosophy or its successor discipline. The most pressing problem focused on how to coordinate the abstract statements of the sciences with what can be experienced and tested. While the new logic was the main tool for coordination for Moritz Schlick, Hans Reichenbach, and Rudolf Carnap, there was no agreement on the nature of logic or its role in coordination. Otto Neurath and Philipp Frank countered with a sophisticated alternative that emphasized the social and political context within which science is done. All told, one finds in logical empiricism a high level of methodological awareness as well as a healthy skepticism about the appropriate aims and methods of philosophy.

Keywords: philosophical methodology, logical empiricism, logic, Moritz Schlick, Hans Reichenbach, Rudolf Carnap, coordination problem, Otto Neurath, naturalism, Carl Hemp

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