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date: 19 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on the lands of Germania in the later pre-Roman Iron Age, which covers the period of the oppida in the south (including parts of the low central mountain range (Mittelgebirge)), the so-called Jastorf culture in the northeast, and several regional groups in the northwest. It begins with an overview of the so-called oppida region from the south of Germany up to northern Hesse and Thuringia, with particular emphasis on Manching, Kelheim, Heidengraben, Steinsburg, the Heidetränk oppidum, Dünsberg, Donnersberg, and Martberg, as well as open settlements and enclosed farmsteads, Viereckschanzen. It then considers the archaeology of Iron Age societies in northern Germany and the area belonging to the Mittelelbe–Havel group of the Jastorf culture. The chapter concludes with a discussion of graves, infrastructure, economy, agriculture, money, warfare, and religion in Germania in the later pre-Roman Iron Age.

Keywords: Iron Age, oppida, Manching, Jastorf culture, Viereckschanzen

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