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date: 24 May 2020

Abstract and Keywords

In Sweden, parliamentarianism developed in parallel with the process of democratization that started in the end of the nineteenth century and ended with the implementation of universal suffrage in 1921. The definitive parliamentary breakthrough came in 1917, after a drawn-out process. Not until the establishing of the Instrument of Government of 1974 was parliamentarianism formally expressed in the Constitution. Swedish parliamentarianism has been distinguished for its stability, although minority governments have dominated within the system. In recent decades, after the new constitution was adopted, the government’s position in relation to Parliament has been strengthened, mainly as a consequence of the EU membership.

Keywords: parliamentarianism, presidentialization, political culture, coalitions, consensus, stability, party system.

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