Abstract and Keywords
The key word for understanding the essence of the election system in Sweden is proportionality. The proportional representation system was introduced in 1911 by a Conservative government before the introduction of universal and equal suffrage. The goal was to avoid a catastrophe for the political right as a consequence of a coming change to democracy. The party interests have continued to shape the politics in this area, and the principle of proportionality has increasingly become the norm for all political parties. They have been engaged in an ever-present and ongoing fine-tuning of the system with improved proportionality as the primary purpose.
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