Abstract and Keywords
The contributions in this section reveal the constitutional design of Sweden. Considering the number of fundamental laws and the length of the Instrument of Government (IG), the impression might be that constitutional principles are of great importance in Swedish political life. However, Swedish political culture is best described as pragmatic and consensual, where the government’s ability to take action has been given deliberate precedence over constitutional ideas that focus on limiting government under higher law. Furthermore, from a constitutional design perspective, Sweden is an interesting case. During the previous IG of 1809, which was based on the principle of separation of powers, comprehensive changes in the practice of government were made without any corresponding amendments of the IG itself. The most noteworthy of these changes were the introduction of universal suffrage, parliamentarism, and the abolition of the Parliament of the Four Estates, which was replaced by a bicameral system.
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