Abstract and Keywords
By the year 2050, the number of adults over the age of 60 will reach an estimated two billion, representing the fastest-growing segment of the population. Although anxiety and mood disorders are common among older adults, consensus is lacking as to the most appropriate treatments. In an effort to optimize treatment strategies for older adults, this chapter focuses on a thorough review of outcome literature investigating the use of pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy within three treatment domains: combination, sequential, and augmentation. The preponderance of evidence has lent support to the notion that combining psychosocial and medical treatments results in better outcomes for older adults with anxiety and mood disorders. However, there is a clear need for additional randomized, controlled trials further investigating optimal treatment strategies addressing mental health in late life.
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