Abstract and Keywords
There is a growing body of evidence that exercise or daily physical activity delays onset and progression of cognitive impairment, reduces risk for falls and fractures, improves neuromuscular and cardiopulmonary function, improves functioning in daily activities, improves sleep, and elevates mood in older adults. Despite these promising findings, results of randomized controlled trials of exercise with individuals who have cognitive impairment are mixed, with some studies demonstrating improvement in cognitive function and others demonstrating no significant differences between treatment and control groups. This chapter reviews the evidence regarding potential benefits of physical activity for older adults with cognitive impairment and provides guidelines for the development and implementation of exercise interventions for individuals with neurocognitive disorders.
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