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date: 13 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Among our purely intellectual achievements are things like knowledge, understanding, and finding good reasons or evidence for some claims and against others. The drive to reduce and simplify then appears, asking which of these great epistemic goods is fundamental. Does knowledge come first, with good evidence being a derivative idea (maybe because your evidence is what you know)? Or does the evidence we get from experience or rational intuition dominate, with knowledge involving an especially laudatory amount or degree of such? Where do the great intellectual achievements of wisdom and understanding fit into the story? If understanding, for example, is the goal of enquiry rather than knowledge or rational opinion, the question arises of whether either of the two approaches can explain or accommodate such a central role. This chapter explores the relationships between these three central elements in a complete epistemology.

Keywords: knowledge, rationality, understanding, intellectual achievement, evidence, experience, rational intuition

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