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date: 22 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Key structural aspects of the vocal mechanism and the physiology of vocal function are presented and discussed in relation to the singing voice. Details of anatomical structure and physiological function are given for the regions of the vocal tract and respiratory system under the broad headings of respiration, phonation (the larynx), and resonation. Use of voice in singing is examined in terms of breath use, control of pitch, and loudness, and shaping of resonance for change of timbre. Key developmental stages during the lifecycle are given, including infancy, childhood, voice mutation in adolescence, and the impact of hormonal change on the voice. Differences between the genders in adulthood are discussed in the light of current research knowledge of voice.

Keywords: vocal function, physiology, anatomy, vocal tract, respiration, breath use, singing

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